This Month in
Jewish History

Kislev (Nov. - Dec.)

CHOOSE THE DAY YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT



Return to TimeCapsule page
  top of page
 

home |  about us |  parsha on parade  |  jewish holidays |  learning is fun |  hear the music |  gift shop |  guestbook |  links 

 
 site map

"TORAHTOTS"
is a trademark of/and
© 1996-2013
by TorahTots.com
All rights reserved.
Email.....info@torahtots.com


Designed by R.A. Stone Design Associate
and
HI-TECH Computers, Inc.
(718) 253-9698
Email.....info@hitechcomputers.com
Page last updated - 12/04/2013

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


1 Kislev
1 Kislev - Rosh Chodesh Kislev

The month of Kislev marks the onset of the winter season in the Holy Land and is the third month of the "Season of the Rains." (Talmud)

1 Kislev - 1512 B.C.E.:

Egyptian plague of SH'CHIN (boils).

1 Kislev - 1394:

Jews of Paris expelled.

1 Kislev 5518 - November 13, 1757:

Around 1,000 volumes of the Talmud were burned in Kamenetz-Podolsk, Russia. The instigators were followers of Jacob Frank, a Jewish merchant who claimed to be the messiah and successor of the false messiah, Shabbatai Tzvi. Frank's followers broke away from Judaism and created a new religion known as the Frankists, a quasi-Jewish, quasi-Christian religion. The local bishop, Nicholas Dembowski, held a debate between the rabbis and the Frankists; when the bishop decided that the rabbis lost the debate, he ordered them to pay a fine and to burn all copies of the Talmud in the district.

1 Kislev 5548 - November 12, 1787:

Emperor Joseph II of Austria-Hungaria forces Jews to adopt Christian family names.

1 Kislev 5600 - November 8, 1839:

Sultan Abd al-Majid of Turkey issues his declaration of rights. The new reforms guaranteed equality of rights, security and military service for all non- Muslim citizens. However, its implementation was sparse.

1 Kislev 5678 - November 16, 1917:

The British occupied Tel Aviv.

1 Kislev 5769 - November 28, 2008:

Rabbi Gavriel and Rivkah Holtzberg, Hy"d, were among 200 people killed when terrorists attacked Mumbai, India. The Holtzbergs selflessly ran the Chabad house, a beacon of hope and kindness in a city filled with poverty and despair. See 29 Cheshvan.

1 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Efraim Alankava, zt”l, Rav of Telmisan, Algeria, (on the border with Morocco) author of Shaar Kevod Hashem (5202 / 1441).

HaRav Trlvash of Mantova, zt”l (5312 / 1551),.

HaRav Shalom Shachna,.Rav of Lublin,.zt:"l, (1490 - 5319 / 1558), teacher and father-in-law of the Rema. His grandfather and namesake was Rav of Neustadt and the Gadol Hador in Austria, who along with the Maharil founded the minhagei Ashkenaz that are still prevalent until today. He established the Lublin Yeshiva in 1515 and was succeeded by Rav Shlomo Luria, the Maharshal.

HaRav Yosef Shmuel of Cracow, zt”l, the Mesoret HaShas (5464 / 1703).
Born in Kremnitz, his father, Harav Tzvi Hirsch, was his main Torah teacher. He settled in Cracow after marrying the daughter of Reb Chaim Yeshayah the blacksmith, who generously supported him.
The Gedolim in Cracow at that time, among them the Maginei Shlomo and the Tosfot Yom Tov, realized the greatness of Reb Shmuel and appointed him to the city’s beit din.
When Harav Yeshayah Horowitz, grandson of the Shelah Hakadosh, was appointed Rav in Posen, the kehillah of Frankfurt sent a delegation to Cracow to ask Reb Shmuel to be their new Rav. He refused, and the delegation left Cracow heavyhearted.  Soon after they left the city, Reb Shmuel became deathly ill. Doctors could find neither cause nor cure for his disease. Many tefillot were said on his behalf, and the name Yosef was added to his name. At that time, Reb Shmuel promised that if he overcame the illness, he would accept the position of Rav in Frankfurt, since he understood his refusal to be the reason for his illness. As soon as he was healthy enough, he moved to Frankfurt and assumed the Rabbanut. This was in Tammuz 5450 / 1690.
In Frankfurt, Reb Shmuel established a yeshiva and taught hundreds of talmidim, many of whom became Gedolei Yisrael. Reb Shmuel elevated the prestige of the Torah and those who toiled in it in Frankfurt.
His soft and gracious ways were his trademark, and his care for orphans and poor families was legendary.
He served as Rav in Frankfurt for 14 years (and in Cracow for the previous 26 years).
Reb Shmuel was survived by one son, Harav Aryeh Leib, Rav in Mattersdorf and two sons-in-law: Harav Aharon and Harav Pinchas Auerbach, the mechaber of Halachah Berurah on Orach Chaim.
The Chidah, in his biography of Rav Yosef Shmuel, wrote that he learned all of Shas 42 times, fulfilling the commandment “Vedibarto ‘bom’,” (the numerical value of ‘bom’ being 42). He also added that for 25 years he learned standing on his feet and all his learning was "Torah lishmah."
.
HaRav Moshe Chafetz, zt"l, author of Melechet Shabbat and Melechet Machshevet, (5472 / 1711).

HaRav Avraham Eiger of Posen..zt"l (1846 - 1914), son of Rav Yehuda Leib Eiger, the first Lubliner Rebbe, grandson of Rav Shlomo Eiger and great-grandson of Rav Akiva Eiger. He succeeded his father as leader of his chasidim from 1882 to 1914. He was the author of a work on Chassidut, Shevet miYehuda. He was also a member of the Vaad Haruchani of the Yeshivat Chachmei Lublin.

. HaRav Chaim. Nosson Dembitzer, :zt”l, (1820 - 5653 / 1892). Born in Crakow, he did historical research and critical work in the field of Talmudic and rabbinic literature, and wrote about its leading personalities. His sefer, KlilatYofi, included biographies of rabbis of Lvov, Crakow, and other cities in Poland and Lithuania. His student, Feivel HirschWettstein, wrote his biography, Toldot Maharchan.

HaRav Moshe Hager of Radovitz,.zt"l, author of Vayikach Moshe (5665 / 1904).

HaRav Yitzchak Leveton, zt"l, Chacham in Aram Tzova (Aleppo), (5672 / 1911).

HaRav Naftali Hertz (Hertzel) Krezmer, zt"l, (1912). He was born in Bialystok to Rav Avraham, a textile merchant, and a grandson of Rav Osher (ben Tzvi) Hakohen, who wrote the Birkat Rosh on Brachot and Nazir. He got married in Ponevezh and remained there, serving as the rov of Yanova and other places. He wrote Noam Hamitzvot.

HaRav Yisrael Uugar of Zavna,.zt” l (5697 / 1936).

HaRav Tzadok Shaingarten, zt"l, (1912-2005), Rav of Ohr Torah in Boro Park. Born in Warsaw to staunch Gerrer Chasidim, he learned for two zmanim at Baranovitch before attending Kletzk under Rav Aharon Kotler. Later, her learned at Mir under Rav Yerucham Levovitz from 1932 to 1938, then returned to Warsaw. When the Nazis conquered Poland, he fled to Vilna. He traveled with the Mir Yeshiva to Japan and Shanghai. After the war, he moved to New York.

Reb Yaakov Kasirer, z"l, founder and long-time president of Bait Yaakov of Los Angeles (2005). Born in Bistra, Hungary, he lost his parents and many siblings during World War II. In 1946, he married Reizi, a childhood friend of the family, and moved to Bregenz, Austria, on the Swiss border. In 1954, they moved to Los Angeles. They were involved in the creation of yeshiva Rav Isacsohn (Torat Emet), then founded Bait Yaakov in 1968 and supported the institution over the next 37 years.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



2 Kislev
2 Kislev

2 Kislev 5488 - November 15, 1727:

Jews of New York were allowed to take an official oath (swear) without reference to Christianity.

2 Kislev 5605 - November 17, 1844:

Czar Nicholas I of Russia issued a decree calling for the establishment of a school for Jewish students and a seminary to train rabbis and teachers as part of his program to assimilate the Jews. The students and rabbis of these schools became the heads of the Haskalah movement.

2 Kislev 5703 - November 11, 1942:

5,000 Jews were murdered in the ghetto of Slutsk, Byelorussia, Hy"d.The Jewish community was established there in the 13th century.

2 Kislev 5704 - November 29, 1943:

Hitler's soldiers were chased out of Casablanca, prompting the celebration of "Purim of Casablanca."

2 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Shmaryahu Varchovker, zt”l, (5536 / 1775), talmid of the Baal Shem Tov.

Harav Yisrael Yitzchak Baron of Radoshitz, zt”l, (5570 / 1810 -5618 / 1857). Son of Harav Yissachar Dov, the Saba Kadisha of Radoshitz. While he was a talmid and a chassid of his father, he also traveled to Harav Yisrael of Ruzhin, Harav Yechezkel of Kuzmir, Harav Chaim Meir Yechiel of Mogelnitza and Harav Eliezer of Dzikov.
He married the daughter of Harav Yehudah Leib Horowitz, son of Harav Reuven of Zharnovtza, mechaber of Duda’im BaSadeh.
Following the petira of his father on 18 Sivan 5603 / 1843, the chassidim compelled him to serve as their Rebbe. In his humility, Reb Yisrael Yitzchak refused to don the garment of a Rebbe, and his conduct continued to be simple. Many stories of mofsim were related about Reb Yisrael Yitzchak, as they were about his father. He was close with many of the generation’s other Rebbes, among them the Divrei Chaim of Sanz, the Chiddushei Harim of Ger, and Harav Yitzchak of Vorka.
At the age of 48, Reb Yisrael Yitzchak got sick and was sent to a hospital in Warsaw. He was niftar there on 2 Kislev 5618 / 1857.
Of his sons, Harav Yaakov Dovid of Radoshitz and Harav Eliezer Yerucham (son-in-law of Harav Chaim of Sanz) served as Rebbes.

HaRav Avraham Hakohen of Salonika, zt”l, (5646 / 1885), author of Taharat Mayim.

HaRav Meshulam Feish Halevi Heller of Zhabrizh, the Yosher Divrei Emes, zt”l, (5555 / 1894).

HaRav Nachum Weidenfeld of Dombrova, the Chazon Nachum, zt"l, (1875 - 5700 / 1939). Born in Hormilov, Galicia, to Rav Yaakov (the Kochav MiYaakov) and Rebbetzin Rachel, a direct descendant of the Shach. One of his brothers, Rav Dov Berish, became famous as the Tchebiner Rav. After the Kochav MiYaakov passed away in 1894, Rav Nachum and his elder brother, Rav Yitzchak, supervised the studies of their younger brother, Rav Dov Berish, who had just celebrated his bar-mitzvah. After marrying his wife, Taibah, he went to live with his in-laws in Yassi, Romania. A year later, he replaced his maternal grandfather, Rav Shabsi HaKohen Rappaport, as the rav of Dombrowa, Galicia. Although Dombrowa was relatively small, it was intensely Jewish, having a population of about 2,400 Jews and 600 gentiles. Jews had lived there since the end of the sixteenth century. Nazi troops seized Dumbrowa on the 8th of September, 1939, only eight days after the war started. At the last possible moment, Rav Nachum fled the town with nothing but his stick and a knapsack. He had sent dozens of manuscripts to his son-in-law in Kolbasov but not one member of that family survived and all his writings were lost.

HaRav Dr. Dov Revel, zt"l, (1885-1940). He was born in Pren, a neighboring town of Kovno, Lithuania, a son of the town’s Rav, Nachum Shraga Revel.He briefly studied in Telz yeshiva, attending the lectures of its Rosh Yeshiva Rav Yosef Leib Bloch. He was also taught by Rav Yitzchak Blazer and learned in the Kovno kollel. He became involved in the Russian revolutionary movement, and following the unsuccessful revolution of 1905, was arrested and imprisoned. Upon his release the following year, he emigrated to the United States. Immediately after his arrival, Rav Revel enrolled in New York’s RIETS yeshiva. He received a master of arts degree from New York University in 1909. In 1911, he earned a doctorate of philosophy from Dropsie College, the first graduate of that school; his thesis was entitled “The Karaite Halakhah and Its Relation to Sadducean, Samaritan, and Philonian Halakhah”. After his doctorate, he moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma to join his in-laws’ family oil business. However, his primary occupation continued to be his Torah study. In 1915, he was appointed to serve as President and Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva Rabbeinu Yitzchak Elchanan in New York. In this capacity, he headed both the religious and secular departments of the Yeshiva, teaching the highest Gemara shiur and also lecturing on Yoreh Deah and Choshen Mishpat. From 1920 to 1923, R’ Revel left the Yeshiva for long periods to return to Tulsa, Oklahoma and his in-laws’ troubled oil business. In December 1923, he announced a five-million dollar campaign to start Yeshiva College, a four-year liberal arts college. That college, which later changed its name to Yeshiva University, opened on September 25, 1928.

HaRav Akiva Sofer of Pressburg, zt"l, (1878 - 5720 / 1959), author of Daat Sofer. Son of Rav Simcha Bunim Sofer (The Shevet Sofer), grandson of the Ketav Sofer (Rav Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer) and the great-grandson of the Chasam Sofer (Rav Moshe Sofer). He succeeded his father as Rav and Rosh Yeshiva at the tender age of 24. Interestingly, three continuous generations - the Chasam Sofer, the Ketav Sofer, and the Shevet Sofer - all served as Rav of Pressburg for 33 years. When Rav Akiva Sofer neared his 33rd year as Rav, he asked his uncle, the Erlauer Rav, what to do. Upon his uncle’s advice, the Daat Sofer moved to Eretz Yisrael in 1940, thus saving himself from the horrors of World War II.

HaRav Aharon Kotler, zt"l, (1892 - 5723 / 1962), founder  and Rosh Yeshiva of Beit Medrash Govoha, in Lakewood, NJ. The son of Rav Shneur Zalman Pines, Rav Aharon was known as the “Shislovitzer iluy.” At 14 he entered the Slobodka yeshiva, where he learned under the Alter and HaRav Moshe Mordechai Epstein. He also heard shiurim from Rav Baruch Ber, who had his own yeshiva in one of the suburbs of Slobodka. He married the daughter of Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer, head of the yeshiva Etz Chaim in Slutsk, and became his assistant (1914). Even before he was 25 years old, he became one of its roshei yeshiva. After the yeshiva’s forced transfer to Kletsk in Poland - due to the Bolshevik takeover and religious persecution (1921), Rav Isser Zalman emigrated to Eretz Ysrael, and Rav Aharon led the Etz Chaim yeshiva for 20 years. With the Soviet occupation of Poalnd in 1939, Rav Aharon escapied, first to Kobe, Japan, then to the United States (April, 1941). Rav Aharon assumed a leading role in the operations of the Vaad Hatzoloh’s efforts to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. He was instrumental in persuading Henry Morgenthau, U.S. Treasury Secretary, to risk his political career in order to help save Jews.
Under his leadership, Beth Medrash Govoha opened in a converted house in Lakewood, New Jersey in April 1943, and the yeshiva and kollel student body increased from the original 14 to 140 in 1962, the year of Rav Aharon’s petirah. Today, Lakewood has grown into the largest institution of its kind in America with over 6,400 advanced-level students.
Rav Aharon also headed Chinuch Atzmai, the network of Torah day schools in Israel, founded in 1953, and he took over the leadership of Torah U’Mesorah, the American day school movement, after the death of its founder HaRav Shraga Feivel Mendelowitz. He also headed Agudat Yisrael’s  Moetzet Gedolei Hatorah.
R' Aharon Kotler



Dayan Eliezer Posen, zt"l, (1892-1969), born in Frankfurt to Rav Gershon, who was appointed Dayan of the IRG (Jewish Religious Society) by Rav Samson Raphael Hirsch. As a bachur, he learned in Pupa, Hungary, then returned to Frankfurt and married Chulda Falk in 1923. After his marriage,he became magid shiur in the Breuer Yeshiva; he then succeeded his father as Rav of the kehilla in 1932. In 1938, he escaped the growing Nazi menace to England. He was appointed Dayan of the Adat Yisrael shul in 1945. His brother was Rav Shimon Yisrael Posner, the Shoproner Rav of New York.

HaRav Nosson Meir Wachtfogel, the Lakewood Mashgiach, zt"l, (1910 - 57559 / 1998). Rav Nosson was born in Kuhl, Lithuania. His father, R’ Moshe Yom Tov was one of the 14 original students of the yeshiva in Slutsk. (Another of these students was R’ Aharon Kotler). Rav Nosson himself began his education in the yeshiva in Kelm. When he was fifteen, he came to the United States - his father had accepted a rabbinic post in Montreal - and enrolled in Yeshivat Rabbenu Yitzchak Elchanan (forerunner of the Talmudic division of Yeshiva University). After two years there, he returned to Lithuania to study at the Mir Yeshiva. He also studied under R’ Shimon Shkop, and in Kamenetz, under R’ Baruch Ber Lebowitz. Beginning in 1941, R’ Nosson joined with R’ Aharon Kotler to develop the Lakewood Yeshiva. He left several children, including R’ Elya Ber Wachtfogel, rosh yeshiva of the Yeshiva Zichron Moshe in South Fallsburg, New York.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

3 Kislev
3 Kislev

3 Kislev circa 3622 - 140 B.C.E.:

The Chashmona'im removed all the idols from the Beit HaMikdash. The day is cited as a Yom Tov in Megillat Taanit.

3 Kislev 5342 - 1581:

Spanish Inquisition brings the auto-da-fe (burning at the stake of those condemned by the Inquisition) to the New World for the first time: Jews in Lima, Peru were burned at the stake, Hy"d.

3 Kislev 5409 - November 18, 1648:

Bogdan Chemielnicki led serfs in the Cossack attacks against the Polish aristocracy. The Polish town of Kaminetz was one of the first targets, with thousands killed in the first few days. Over the following ten years, between 100,000 and 500,00 Jews lost their lives, Hy"d.

3 Kislev 5463 - November 23, 1702:

36 Jews killed in Lemberg explosion.

3 Kislev 5463 - November 23, 1702:

Rav Yehoshua Pollack, the Pnei Yehoshua, of Frankfurt, while trapped under fallen rubble during the great fire in Lvov in which 36 Jews were killed, vowed that he would write a sefer and disseminate Torah if he lived. He was miraculously saved and wrote his famous sefer, "Pnei Yehoshua."

3 Kislev 5503 - November 30, 1742:

Teverya saved from attack .

3 Kislev 5700 - November 15, 1939:

Two Jewish cemeteries were destroyed in Rypin, Poland. The Nazis resettled the Jews and moved them to Warsaw. Some Jews managed to escape to the Soviet Union where they were deported to Siberia.

3 Kislev 5700 - November 15, 1939:

Nazis carried out the first mass-murder of Warsaw Jews, Hy"d.

3 Kislev 5702 - Nov. 23, 1941:

The Nazis murdered 1,538 Jews in Poltava, Russia, Hy"d.

3 Kislev 5702 - November 23, 1941:

995 Jews were deported from their homes in Vienna, Austria to Riga, Latvia.

3 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Meir Katz, zt”l, (5403 / 1642), the father of the Shach

HaRav Shimshon of Ozhiran, zt”l, (5600 / 1839).

HaRav Avraham Yehoshua Heschel of Skver, zt”l, (5647 / 1886).

HaRav Shilo Raphael, zt"l, (5755 / 1994), Av Bait Din of Yerushalayim..

HaRav Meshulam Yissaschar Ashkenazi of Stamford Hill, London, zt"l, the Stanislaver Rebbe (5755 / 1994).
Born on 4 Tammuz, 5662/1902, to Harav Zvi Hirsch, Hy”d, the Stanislaver Rebbe in Vienna. The father, Harav Zvi Hirsch, was a son of Harav Asher Anshel of Alesk, son-in-law of Harav Chanoch Henich, the Lev Same’ach of Alesk. Harav Chanoch Henich was a son of Harav Yoel Ashkenazi, Rav in Zlotchov, who in turn was the son of Harav Dovid Moshe Ashkenazi, the Toltchover Rav and author of Be’er Sheva.
Harav Meshulam Yissaschar’s mother, Rebbetzin Gittel, was the daughter of Harav Yitzchak Yehoshua Klieger, Rav of Graidung (near Lvov). This grandfather gave Harav Meshulam Yissaschar semichah in 5677 / 1917, when he was just 15 years old.
Harav Meshulam Yissaschar also learned under Harav Ben-Zion Katz, Rav of Dorostov, and Harav Chaim Yitzchak Yerucham of Altstadt. He was close to the Rebbes Harav Yissachar Dov of Belz, who was his relative, and Harav Yisrael of Tchortkov, who resided at that time (after World War I) in Vienna.
Harav Meshulam Yissaschar took part in the Knessiah Gedolah in Vienna, Elul 5683 / 1923. He was active in Chevrat Tiferet Bachurim in Vienna, convincing many bachurim to go to yeshiva.
He married Rebbetzin Esther, daughter of Harav Klonimus Kalman Ules, the Sambur Rebbe.
When the Nazis annexed Austria in 5698 / 1938, Reb Meshulam Yissaschar fled from Vienna to Stanislav and thus was saved from near-certain death. The plan was to bring the whole family to Stanislav, but his parents, brother Harav Asher, and two sisters were all killed al kiddush Hashem. Hy”d.
Reb Meshulam Yissaschar ended up in London, where he cared for the many refugees and helped others escape the Nazi inferno.
His reputation as a scion of the dynasties of Alesk and Stanislav and an oved Hashem attracted large numbers of Chassidim to his beit medrash in London. He was known for his ahavat Yisrael and the yeshuot he was able to effect. London’s Torah leaders, including Harav Yechezkel Abramsky and the Shotzer Rebbe, honored him.
Reb Meshulam Yissaschar was zocheh to arichut yamim. His mind was clear to his last day, and there was no change in his seder hayom or avodat Hashem.  He was niftar on Motzoei Shabbat Parashat Toldot, 3 Kislev 5755 / 1994, at the age of 92, and was buried in London.
In accordance with his tzavaah, his oldest son, Harav Uri, was named Stanislaver Rebbe. Another son is Harav Zvi Hirsch, and his sons-in-law are Harav Moshe Sofer, son of the Erlauer Rav; Harav Yitzchak Babad, son of Harav Aleksander, Rav in Stropkov; and Harav Naftali Horowitz, grandson of Harav Shlomo Zalman Friedman of Rachov, zt”l, Rav of Lugano.

HaRav Yaakov Moshe Kulefsky, zt"l, (1921-2000). Born in St. Louis, he learned at Torah Vadaat in his early 20s, while serving in the army. He married Sarah Gartenhaus in 1950 and joined Yeshiva Ner Israel in 1954. He became Rosh yeshiva after Rav Yaakov Weinberg’s petira. Rav Kulefsky left two sons (Tzvi Hirsch and Nosson) and three daughters [Esther Chana (Abraham), Ettie (Rosenbaum), and Faigi (Gruman)], 40 grandchildren, and 12 great-grandchildren.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


4 Kislev
4 Kislev

4 Kislev 3411 - 351 B.C.E.:

The last prophecy of the Last Navi, Zecharia, (see Rashi Yoma 21b), was that the Jews should not mourn on Tisha B'Av during the second Beit Hamikdash.

A delegation of Babylonian Jews arrived in Yerushalayim to ask the prophet Zecharia if the fast of Tisha B'Av should be discontinued (Zecharia ch. 7). Tisha B'Av is a commemoration of the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, and at the time, the Second Beit Hamikdash had just been constructed. The answer, as recorded in the Talmud, is that if Israel remains under foreign control, then the fast remains -- even if the Beit Hamikdash is built. But if the Beit Hamikdash is built and Israel is self-governed, then the fast turns into a day of celebration. In this case, since the Second Beit Hamikdash was eventually destroyed (also on Tisha B'Av, 420 years later), it is commemorated till today as a Jewish national day of mourning.

4 Kislev 5287 - November 9, 1526:

The Jews of Pressburg, (Bratislava) Hungary were expelled by order of Empress Maria of the Hapsburg dynasty.

4 Kislev 5503 - December 1, 1742:

Empress Elizabeth ordered the expulsion of all the Jews (35,000) from Great Russia.

4 Kislev 5702 - November 24, 1941:

The Nazis moved out all 3,700 inhabitants of Theresienstadt, Czechoslovokia to create a “model” Jewish ghetto where it shipped Jews from all over Czechoslovakia. In all, 140,937 Jews were sent to Theresienstadt, of whom 33,529 died in the ghetto and 88,196 were deported to death camps. There were 17,247 persons left in the ghetto when it was liberated.

4 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Eliyahu Kubo, zt"l, Av Beit Din of Salonika, author of Aderet Eliyahu and Shnei Hame’orot Hagedolim (halachic responsa),.(~5388 / 1628 - 5449 / 1688). His father Harav Yehudah was killed al Kiddush Hashem in Salonika on Shabbat, 15 Elul 5397 / 1637, after fighting a decree of the government. The Kubo family was well known among Salonika Jewry for disseminating Torah in the city for many hundreds of years. The family emigrated from Spain to Greece during Geirush Spharad (the Spanish expulsion). They were called “Kubo” after the city in northern Spain where they originated.
Harav Eliyahu married the daughter of Harav Moshe ben Harav Chaim Shabsi, the Maharchash. The Maharchash had become Chief Rabbi in Salonika in 5443 / 1683; during his tenure as Rav, many hundreds unfortunately converted to Islam together with Shabsai Tzvi, shem reshaim yirkav.
After his father-in-law, the Maharchash’s, petira, Harav Eliyahu was appointed Rav of Salonika and Rosh Yeshivah of the local yeshiva gedola. He taught hundreds of talmidim, notably Harav Tzvi Ashkenazi (the Chacham Tzvi) and Harav Shmuel Yitzchak Modielano.
Harav Eliyahu suffered a lot in his lifetime. Two of his sons were niftar in the epidemic in 5444 / 1685; a third son, Reb Yehudah, was niftar the same year that he was. His daughter was married to Harav Yehoshua Chandali.
He is buried in Salonika.

HaRav Tzvi Hersh, zt"l, Margulies of Lublin (5566 / 1805).

HaRav Yaakov Dovid Kalish, zt"l, (1803-1878), founder of the Amshinov dynasty. Reb Yaakov Dovid’s father was Rav Yitzchak of Vorka, a leading disciple of Rav Simcha Bunim of Peshischa and a peer of Rav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk. When Rav Simcha Bunim of Peshischa passed away in 1827, his followers split into two streams, some of them following Rav Menachem Mendel of Kotzk whose emphasis was on fiery self-discipline, while the remainder adhered to Rav Yitzchak of Vorka whose approach was one of warmth and love. In 1848, when Rav Yitzchak of Vorka passed away, many of his followers wished to follow Rav Yaakov Dovid of Amshinov. He, too, followed the Vorka tradition of kindness and kiruv rechokim. Rav Yaakov Dovid set up court in the town of Mszczonow, Poland, which became known to Jews as Amshinov. There, he became known as the rebbe of Amshinov. Meanwhile, Rav Yaakov Dovid’s brother, Rav Menachem Mendel, continued the Vorki dynasty from their father in Vorki itself (1779-1848). Rav Menachem, the oldest of Rav Yaakov Dovid’s three sons, inherited the mantle of Amshinov from his father for 40 years. (Others 5683 / 1877).

HaRav Yaakov Mordechai of Stretin, zt"l, (5715 / 1954).

HaRav Avraham Shmuel Stern, zt"l, Rosh Yeshivat Torat Chessed in London (1949-2005). Born in Miskolcz, Hungary, to Rav Pinchas Zelig Stern, the Serentcher Rav, he arrived in London with his parents in 1956. Seeing the need for a new chassidish yeshiva in London, Rav Stern founded Torat Chessed. During his entire life, he was close to the Rebbes of Satmar and Pshevorsk.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


5 Kislev
5 Kislev

5 Kislev - 1264:


In Sinsig, Germany, a convert to Judaism was arrested for preaching Judaism. Although tortured, he refused to recant his belief in Judaism and was burned at the stake, Hy"d.

5 Kislev - 1491:

In La Guardia, Spain, five Jews were accused by Chief Inquisitor Torquemada of murdering a child even though there are no witnesses nor was a body ever found. Three of his victims are forcibly baptized, strangled, and then burned. The two others were torn apart, Hy"d.

5 Kislev 5258 - October 31, 1497:

The Jews were expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I. (This was the very last day that Jews were allowed to be in Portugal. The actual decree of expulsion was announced earlier, but the grace period ended today.)

4 Kislev 5416 - December 3, 1655:

A commission met at Whitehall to assess the possible re-admittance of the Jews to Great Britain, concluding that there was no statute which excluded the Jews from the country. But Oliver Cromwell dissolved the commission, considering it too pro-admittance.

5 Kislev 5625 - December 4, 1864:

Rumanian Jews were barred from the practice of law.

5 Kislev 5703 - November 14, 1942:

Ghettos in Radom, Cracow, and Galicia set up by the Nazis.

5 Kislev 5709 - December 7, 1948:

Road of valor connecting besieged Yerushalayim with the rest of the Yishuv was opened.

5 Kislev 5740 - November 25, 1979:

The I.D.F. liberate the Alma oilfields in the Gulf of Suez from Egypt.

5 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Shmuel Eliezer HaLevi Eidels (Eidelis), zt"l, (5315 / 1555 - 5392 / 1631), (1632 or 1636), a renowned Talmudic commentator, known by the acronym Maharsha. He was born in Crakow, Poland. His father, Rav Yehuda, was an eminent talmid chacham who descended from Rav Yehuda Hachassid, as well as from Rav Akiva Hakohen Katz, the father-in-law of the Shela Hakadosh. His mother was the granddaughter of Rav Yehuda Loewe, the Maharal of Prague.
Rebbetzin Eidel Lifschitz of Pozna, the wealthy widow of Rav Moshe Lifschitz, the rav of Brisk, made a match between her daughter and the Maharsha. She also supported her other son-in-law, Rav Moshe Ashkenazi, author of Zichron Moshe, with whom the Maharsha studied. When he turned 30, she established a yeshiva for him to head, supporting it in full and taking care of every bachur’s needs. In appreciation of his mother-in-law’s efforts, the Maharsha added the name Eidels to his own name, and from then on called himself Shmuel Eliezer Eidels. The Maharsha headed the yeshiva in Posen for 24 years, until Rebbetzin Eidel passed away in 5368 (others 5365 / 1605), at the age of 100. Then he was forced to accept a rabbinical post in Chelm, where he served for 10 years. From there he became Rav and Rosh Mesivta in Lublin, after which he served as Rav in Tiktin.
The Maharsha’s next and most prestigious position was as Rav of Ostra’a, (Austroha), a city with a great number of talmidei chachamim. There he set up a yeshiva that attracted thousands of talmidim.
In Ostra’a the Maharasha was seen as a Gadol Hador. He was the main speaker at the conventions of the Vaad Arbaah Aratzot, the governing body of the Jewish communities of Poland. In this capacity he promulgated takanot to improve religious life in Poland. During his years as rosh yeshiva in Ostra’a, the Maharsha compiled his monumental Chiddushei Halachot and Chiddushei Aggadot on Shas. This masterful commentary, encompassing Jewish law, philosophy and ethics, fundamental texts for understanding pshat in the Gemara, is printed in all standard editions of the Talmud. His son-in-law was R. Moshe ben Yitzchok Bonems of Lublin, who authored his own peirush on the Talmud, published with the Chiddushei Halachot, as (Mahdura Batra).

HaRav Dovid Luria of Bichov, zt"l, (1798-5616 / 1855), the Radal, was a student of the Rav of Vilna, Rav Shaul Katzenellenbogen. He wrote an important commentary on Pirkei D’Rabbi Eliezer. He is also known for known as a commentator on Gemara and Midrash. He also composed halachic responsa and a commentary on Rambam’s Mishneh Torah. Radal’s dedication to learning was legendary. It is said that he did not sleep more than one hour during the short summer nights and three hours in the winter, in addition to an afternoon nap of precisely 12 minutes. In 1854, he was offered the rabbinate of Warsaw. He refused this position despite the encouragement of the Gerrer Rebbe that he take it. However, R’ Dovid did involve himself in communal needs, including a meeting in 1846 (together with R’ Yitzchak of Volozhin) with Sir Moses Montiefore to address the needs of Russian Jewry.

HaRav Asher Anshel Yungreis , zt"l, (Jungreis; Jungreisz), Czenger (Chenger) Rav, the Menuchat Asher (1806 - 5634 / 1873). R' Asher studied under R’ Meir Eisenstadter and R’ Yaakov Koppel Altenkundstadt (Kunstadt) of Verbo, He served as Rav of Chenger for 40 years and gained a widespread reputation for his piety, to the extent that from all quarters people turned to him for amulets and cures from ailments. He supported widows, cared for the education and marriage of orphans, and also sent considerable sums to the Hungarian Kolel in Eretz Yisrael. After his petira his children published his Menuchat Asher in two parts (1876–1908).

HaRav Yonassan Aleishberg , zt"l, author of Darchei Horaah, (5659 / 1898).

HaRav Baruch Ber Leibowitz, zt"l, Rosh Yeshiva of Kamenitz (1867- 5700 / 1940). He was born in Slutzk to Reb Shmuel Dovid Leibowitz, who was a close follower of the Rav of Slutzk, Rav Yosef Ber Soleveitchik. At the age of 16, he went to Volozhin and became the talmid muvhak of Rav Chaim Brisker. In 1903, he was invited to be Rosh Yeshiva of Kenesset Beit Yitzchak in Slobodka. During World War I, the yeshiva moved to Minsk, and in 1921, to Vilna. Finally, in 1926, it moved to Kamenitz. He was the father-in-law of Rav Reuven Grozovsky, who became his successor. He authored Birkat Shmuel on Shas. (5700 / 1939).

HaRav Mordechai Rimer, zt"l, (1928-1999), Mashgiach Ruchni of Yeshivat Kochav M’Yaakov. Born in Munkacz to Rav Binyamin, one of the most prominent Kalushitz Chassidim who was the rosh hakahal of the Sanz beis medrash in the city. Young Mordechai grew up in the home of his grandfather, HaRav Arye Leib Rimer, one of the most prominent Sanzer Chassidim in Kashow. In the winter of 1944, he was taken from the yeshiva of Munkacz, along with his entire family, to the ghetto, and on rosh chodesh Sivan of that year he was taken, along with them, to Auschwitz. Although his entire family was murdered, he lived there until its liberation. After the war, he learned at the Chevron yeshiva under Rav Meir Chodosh. After his marriage in 1950, he learned in the Chevron kollel for another twelve years. At that time, he began to deliver a shiur for baalei batim bnei Torah in the Achva shul, a shiur which he continued to deliver for forty-five years. In 1962, the gaon of Tchebin invited him to be a maggid shiur and mashgiach in his yeshiva, and for thirty- eight years HaRav Mordechai assumed responsibility for the chinuch of the yeshiva’s students. During the Yomim Noraim he regularly served as a ba’al tefilla at the Tchebin yeshiva.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


6 Kislev
6 Kislev

6 Kislev - 1420:

Pope Martin V reinstated old privileges of the Jews and ordered that no child under the age of twelve could be forcibly baptized without parental consent.

6 Kislev 5382 - November 19, 1621:

The Shelah Hakadosh, Harav Yeshayahu ben Avraham Ha-Levi Horowitz, author of Shnei Luchot HaBrit, arrived in Yerushalayim. When he came to Eretz Yisroel he first visited Tzefat, but on this date he reached Yerushalayim, where he served as Rav and Rosh Yeshivah of the Ashkenazic community. (As a result of the harsh decrees of the Pasha, he was forced to move to the Galil where he was niftar. He is buried in Teveria.)

6 Kislev 5446 - December 3, 1685:

Jews were barred from settling in Stockholm, Sweden.

6 Kislev 5709 - December 8, 1948:

Jordan occupied those portions of Mandatory Palestine not held by Israel. The old city of Yerushalayim and the Jordanian occupied territories remained under Jordanian control until 1967.
Transjordan had been given to a British client Arab family, the Hashemites (led by King Hussein's grandfather), who had been run out of Mecca by the Saudis.

6 Kislev 5719 - November 18, 1958:

The city of Yerushalayim / Jerusalem inaugurated a new water reservoir, thus assuring the holy city of an adequate water supply for the first time in its 3,000-year history. Yerushalayim's shortage of water was long its weakness in time of military siege. Back in the days of King David, a tunnel had been dug from the Old City to a neighboring valley, to channel water inside the Old City Walls. In modern times, the problem was exacerbated in 1948 when the Arab blockade of Yerushalayim left its residents without a water supply.

6 Kislev 5736 - November 10, 1975:

That bastion of impartiality - the UN General Assembly approves resolution equating Zionism with racism.

6 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Yakov Schick of Karlin, zt"l, (5605 / 1844), author of Mishkenot Yakov, one of the greatest talmidim of Rav Chaim of Volozhin. He became Av Beit Din of Karlin.

HaRav Menachem Ash, zt"l, Rav of Ungvar (now known as Uzhgorod), Ukraine (5630 / 1869). He succeeded his father, known as the Maharam Ash (1780-1852), one of the early talmidim of the Chasam Sofer, and his greatest talmid in Mattersdorf.

HaRav Mordechai Dovid Teitelbaum of Drohbitch, zt"l, (5680 / 1919).

HaRav Eliezer Horowitz of Grodzisk, Hy”d, (5641 / 1881-5703 / 1942). Appointed Rav of Grodisk, in western Galicia (near Tarnow) in 1909, he moved to Tarnow with his family during World War I, serving as Rav and Dayan. He was murdered by the Nazis, along with 3500 other Jews, in Tarnow.

HaRav Yaakov Moshe Charlap, zt"l, (1883-1951). Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Merkaz Harav and Rav of Yerushalayim’s Sha’arei Chessed neighborhood. He was a close disciple of Rav Avraham Yitzchak Hakohen Kook. Author of Mei Marom and Michtavei Marom.

Rav Chaim Michoel Dov Weissmandel, zt"l, (1903 - 5718 / 1957), Nitra Rav, Rosh Yeshiva Nitro (Mt. Kisco, NY) yeshiva, Holocaust rescue activist. Author of Min Ha Metzar.
Born in Debrecen, Hungary. When he was still a child his family moved to Tyrnau (Trnava), where his father served as a shochet. He learned in a yeshiva in the town of Sered. As a 17-year-old bachur, Rav Weissmandl published three short volumes of chidushim he had heard from his teacher, Rav Shmuel Dovid Ungar, of Tyrnau and later Nitra. In 1931 he published a volume of his research called Hilchot Ha-chodesh. He married the daughter of his rebbi, Rav Ungar, in 1937.
Rav Weissmandl's activities during the war constitute one of the most striking examples in Jewish history of total dedication and sacrifice in order to save Jews. His activities began in 1938, shorty after the Nazis' anschluss of Austria. The Jews Burgenland were immediately sent to Vienna without any of their properties or resources. Rav Weissmandl risked his life to travel to Vienna to support them. When the Nazis then placed 60 rabbanim on a ship and sent them to Czechoslovakia, Rav Weissmandl traveled to Oxford and convinced the Archbishop of Canterbury to grant all 60 entry-visas to England. Over the next few years, Rav Weissmandl was instrumental in savings tens of thousands of Jews.
 
HaRav Shlomo Abu Maaravi, zt"l, (5750 / 1989), founder of Otzer HaTorah network.

HaRav Yechezkel Shraga Lipshitz-Halberstam, zt"l, the Stropkover Rebbe (1908- 5755 / 1994). Born in Stropkov, Czechoslovakia, to Rav Yissacher Dov Lifshitz of Ungvar. His paternal grandfather was Rav Aryeh Leibush from Apta, the Yismach Tzadik, and his maternal grandfather was the Rebbe of Stropkov, the Divrei Shalom, who was the son of the Divrei Yechezkel of Shinava, the eldest son of the Divrei Chaim of Sanz. Rav Yechezkel Shraga’s first public post was as Rav of Yablonka. After a few years there, he became dayan of Bergsas. During WW2, he was sent to Auschwitz, where his wife and five children perished. After the war, he moved to Eretz Yisrael. In 1954, upon the death of his uncle, Rav Menachem of Stropkov, Rav Yechezkel was appointed Admor by the Sanz elders of Shinava and Stropkov. He authored Divrei Yechezkel Shraga.

HaRav Yechezkel Shraga Landau, zt"l, (5757 / 1996). Rav of Veretzky in pre-War Europe, he founded Khal Veretzky in Flatbush.

HaRav Chaim Shmuel Lopian, zt"l, author of Ravcha Shmaatsa (5759 / 1998). The son of Rav Eliyahu Lopian, he was amongst the first students in the Gateshead Kollel under Rav Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler, in 1942.


RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


7 Kislev
7 Kislev

7 Kislev - 442 B.C.E.:

King Yehoyakim burned a Sefer Torah, - the day was made a fast day. (Megillat Taanit, Chap. 9)

7 Kislev 3758 - 4 B.C.E.:

The death of the wicked King Herod (Hurdos) is remembered in Megillat Taanit (Chap. 9) as a Yom Tov.

7 Kislev - 1918:

Armistice Day ending World War I . It is estimated that over 1.5 million Jewish soldiers fought in all the armies and that approximately 170,000 were killed..

7 Kislev 5753 - December 2, 1992:

The 42 victims who perished when the Egoz boat capsized off the Moroccan coast while trying to immigrate to Israel in 1962 (5722), were brought to burial in Eretz Yisroel 31 years later.

7 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Aryeh Leib of Amsterdam, zt”l, (5470 / 1709), author of Pnei Aryeh.

HaRav Aron Epstein of Cracow, zt”l, (5542 / 1781).

HaRav Dovid Sinzheim of Strasbourg, France, zt"l, (5505 / 1745 - 5573 / 1812). He served as President of the “Sanhedrin” established by Napolean, the first meeting of which occurred on February 9th, 1807. He was author of Yad  Dovid and and Minchat Ani.

Harav Shalom Elchonon Halevi Yaffe, zt”l, (5684 / 1923), Rav of Beth Medrash HaGadol in New York City.

HaRav Yaakov Moshe Charlop, zt”l, (5712 / 1951), Rav of Shaarei Chessed.

HaRav Shlomo Binyamin Halevi Ashlag, zt"l, (5744 / 1983), known as the Ateret Shlomo, son of the famous Mekubal and Rebbe HaRav Yehuda Leib Ashlag, zt"l, the Ba'al HaSulam on the Zohar. Rav Shlomo is credited with being the one who urged his father to write his famous HaSulam commentary on the Zohar. Rav Shlomo was the author of the Peirush HaSulam.
.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


8 Kislev
8 Kislev

8 Kislev 3320 (circa) - 442 B.C.E.:

A taanit tzaddikim was established commemorating the day King Yehoyakim burned Megillat Eicha, (Lamentations), written by Baruch ben Neriyah, the talmid of Yirmiyahu Hanavi. (Megillat Taanit, Chap. 9)
As recorded in the Book of Yirmiyahu / Jeremiah (ch. 36), 18 years prior to the destruction of the First Beit HaMikdash, King Yehoyakim burned the scroll containing Megillat Eicha, (Lamentations). The idea of a Jewish king taking such an un-Jewish approach was viewed by the community as a great tragedy, and this date was proclaimed as a fast day. The prophet Yirmiyahu later re-wrote Megillat Eicha.

8 Kislev 5735 - November 22, 1974:

The United Nations passed a resolution granting observer status to the PLO. This was the first recognition of the PLO by a major political body, and was seen by many as opening the door to eventual Palestinian statehood at the expense of Israel. The UN decision came nine days after Yasser Arafat addressed the UN plenary in New York. In the speech, with a gun holster strapped to his hip, Arafat compared himself to George Washington and Abraham Lincoln. By 1980, the PLO has been recognized by European nations, and by Israel in 1994.

8 Kislev 5739 - December 8, 1978:

Golda Meir (898-1978), prime minister of Israel from 1969 to 1974,
died in Jerusalem. Born in Kiev, Russia, she was subjected to brutal pogroms and moved with her family to Milwaukee at age of eight. It was 10 years later, while organizing an American protest march against these Russian pogroms, that Meir decided to make aliyah. Meir became involved in politics at age 24 and was among the signers of Israel's Declaration of Independence. Meir became Israel's first Ambassador to the Soviet Union, and served as Prime Minister during the tense time of the 1973 Yom Kippur War. She once said: "Peace will come when the Arabs love their children more than they hate us."

8 Kislev 5746 - November 21, 1985:

Jonathan Pollard, who had worked for Naval Intelligence, is arrested in Washington and charged with spying for Israel, 1985. He was sentenced to life imprisonment, and is still serving his sentence, while other spies for "real" enemy countries have been released after serving 10 years..

8 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Moshe, zt"l, author of Mahadura Basra, printed at the back of the Talmud (5429 / 1668).
 
HaRav Eliyahu (ben Yehuda) Kovo, zt"l, (1630-1688). The son-in-law of Rav Moshe Chaim, who was the son of Rav Chaim Shabsai and the Chief Rabbi of Salonica. After the death of his father-in-law in 1685, he was appointed to be Chief rabbi. He died at a young age due to a plague, which also took the lives of his two sons. He compiled Tana D'bei Eliyahu, a collection of 451 responsa, but most of it was lost. His grandsons managed to collect 26 of them and printed them as Sheilot Uteshuvot Aderet Eliyahu.
 
HaRav Yitzchak (ben Yehudah) Navon, zt"l, (1733 - 5547 / 1786). Born in Contantinople, he was the son the author of Kiriyat Melech Rav on the Rambam's Mishna Torah, and the grandson of Rav Ephraim Navon, author of Machaneh Ephraim. Rav Yitzchak himself wrote Din Emet on the Tur and the Beit Yosef; the sefer was published in Salonika in 1803.
 
HaRav Moshe Shapira of Slavita, zt"l, son of Rav Pinchas of Koretz (1838).
 
HaRav Avraham Yitzchak of Tunis, zt"l, author of Mishmerot Kehunah (5625 / 1864).
 
HaRav Aharon (ben Mordechai) Twersky, zt"l, the 3rd Rebbe of Chernobyl (1786 - 5632 / 1871). Rav Aharon was a grandson of Rav Menachum Nachum, the Meor Einayim of Chernobyl, his childhood teacher. Rav Aharon succeeded his father after the latter's petira in 1837. He also served as the nasi of the Rabi Meir Baal Haness of Eretz Yisrael fund in the Ukraine.

HaRav Nachum Dov Schneerson of Ovritch (Ovruch), zt"l, (5656 / 1895). Uncle of Rav Yosef Yitzchak, son of the Rebbe Rashab. Ovruch is an historic town in the Zhytomyr province of western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Ovrutsky district.
 
HaRav Avraham Mordechai of Kamarna, zt"l, (5702 / 1941). His uncle was Rav Zvi of Zhiditchov. He authored many important Chassidic works such as Heichel Habracha, Derech Emunah, Otzar Mitzvotecha, Zohar Chai, and Megillat Setarim among others.

HaRav Pinchas Dovid Horowitz, the Bostoner Rebbe, zt"l, (5636 / 1876 - 5702 / 1941). His father, Harav Shmuel Shmelke Horowitz, was a direct descendant and namesake of the Rebbe Reb Shmelke of Nikolsburg. Born in Yerushalayim, as a young boy he was very close to his maternal grandfather, Reb Elazar Menachem Mendel of Lelov, until the latter’s passing in 5643 / 1883. He then he became a devoted talmid of his uncle, Rav Dovid Tzvi Shlomo of Lelov. He also was part of a small group of boys who learned Mishnayot in depth with Harav Shneur Zalman of Lublin. After his marriage, he lived in Tzefat with his wife's parents. When his father died tragically at age 36, he was forced to move to Yerushalayim to care for his mother and younger siblings. His wife died in 5664 / 1904. Her father, eager to keep his son-in-law in the family, suggested that he marry his granddaughter, Sarah Sosha Brandwein, (daughter of his son Rav Yechiel Michel), who was still a child. In 1909, at the age of 16, she gave birth to a son, Moshe. In 5673 / 1913, Rav Pinchas Dovid was sent overseas on behalf of the Yerushalmi Kollel Galicia.During World War I, he he managed to escape and find refuge in the United States as a refugee in 1915, with the help of Rav Yaakov Meir of Salonika, the Rav of Greece. In gratitude to the Jews of Boston, who helped him procure residential rights in America, he settled in Boston. He founded a large beit medrash in the city and became known as the Bostoner Rebbe.
Despite living in Chutz laAretz, Harav Pinchas Dovid yearned for Eretz Yisrael. He visited in 5685 / 1925 and in 5694 / 1934. He would also send funds on behalf of aniyei Eretz Yisrael.
In 5700 / 1940, Harav Pinchas Dovid relocated from Boston to New York, where he was niftar at the age of 65. In fulfillment of his request, the aron of Harav Pinchas Dovid was brought to Eretz Yisrael for re-burial in 5706 / 1946, when the war was finally over and it became possible to do so.

HaRav Dovid (ben Shmuel) Borenstein of Sochotchov, the Chasdei Dovid, zt"l, (1876-5703 / 1942). Born to the Shem MiShmuel, who was the son of the Avnei Nezer, his primary teacher was his grandfather. In 1906, he became the Rav of Vishogrod, Poland. He moved to Loz in the late 1920s. He was very active with Agudat Yisrael and encouraged many to settle in Eretz Yisrael. He died of heart failure in the Warsaw Ghetto. The Sochatchov heritage continued under his brother, Rav Chanoch Henoch, who had established a beit medrash in Bayit Vegan.

HaRav Yaakov Yisrael Twersky of Chernobyl, zt"l, (5744 / 1983).
 
HaRav Eliezer (ben Eliyahu Yehoshua) Geldzahler, zt"l, (1958- 5755 / 2004). Rav Eliezer's mother, Henna Freidel, was the daughter of Rav Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler. As a child, he learned in his father's yeshiva, where he made a siyum for Gemara Bava Basra before his Bar Mitzvah. As a bachur, he learned at Yeshiva Zichron Yaakov in South Fallsburg under Rav Elya Ber Wachtfogel. From there, he went to Yerushalayim to learn in the yeshiva of Rav Dovid Soleveitchik. He spent several years in the Lakewood Kollel. In 1980, he married Baila, the daughter of Rav Michel and Rebbetzin Feige Twersky of Milwaukee. He opened Yeshiva Ohr Yisrael in Brooklyn and served as its Rosh yeshiva, developing a mesivta and a yeshiva gedola. In January of 2004, the bus he was on in Israel was involved in a crash, and he was critically injured. He never recovered from his injuries and passed away 10 months later.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


9 Kislev
9 Kislev

The Chessed LeAvraham (of Slonim) brings from the Brit Menucha that the ninth hour of the ninth day of the ninth month is the "channel of all shefa."

9 Kislev 5155 - 1394:

The Jews of Paris were expelled by King Charles VI.
Charles VI ascended to the French throne in 1380 and announced he will not expel the Jews. Screaming “Aux Juifs” a mob plunders and commits murders in the Jewish quarter in Paris for four days. Some Jews take refuge in the royal prison. Hughes Abriot, the Provost, obtained an order for restitution of all property and the return of all infants forcibly baptized. Because of this, he was later accused of converting to Judaism and sent to jail for a year.

9 Kislev 5580 - November 27, 1819:

Founding of the Verein fuer Cultur und Wissenschaft der Juden, (The Society for Culture and Science of Judaism) by Leopold Zuns and Eduard Gans, whose goal was to reduce Judaism to a field of study.

9 Kislev 5675 - November 27, 1914:

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (known the “Joint” or “JDC”) was founded. The organization campaigned on behalf of Jews and distributed funds wherever Jews were in need, especially in Eastern Europe.

9 Kislev 5701 - December 9, 1940:

A boatload of 1,600 Jewish immigrants fleeing Hitler's ovens was denied entry by the British into the port of Haifa; deporting them to the island of Mauritius. This was part of the British enforcement of the White Paper that effectively ended Jewish immigration to Eretz Israel. The British had acceded to Arab demands and restricted Jewish immigration into Palestine. The urgent plight of European Jewry generated an "illegal" immigration movement, but the British were vigilant in denying entry. Some ships, such as the Struma, sunk and their hundreds of passengers killed. When you consider how strapped the British were for resources in fighting Hitler, it is amazing that the government in London could find the resources to intercept vessels sailing to Palestine..

9 Kislev 5704 - December 6, 1943:

In one of the last major Italian deportations, 212 Jews from Milan and Verona were sent to Auschwitz. In all, out of a population of 35,000 before the war, approximately 8500 Jews were killed, Hy"d. An estimated 2000 Jews fought with the partisans, five of them winning Italy's highest medals for bravery.

9 Kislev 5738 - November 19, 1977:

Visit of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat to Yerushalayim. See 10 Kislev.

9 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

Harav Avraham Chassid of Brodi, zt”l. (5574 / 1813).

HaRav Dov Ber Schneerson of Lubavitch, zt"l, (1773 - 5588 / 1827), 2nd Lubavitcher Rebbe, known as the Mitteler Rebbe. He was the son and successor of his father Rav Shneur Zalman of Liadi, the Baal HaTanya (the Alter Rebbe), and uncle and father-in-law of the Tzemach Tzedek. Rav Dov Ber assumed the leadership of Chabad upon his father’s passing in 1812. In 1813 he settled in the town of Lubavitch, which was to serve as the movement’s headquarters for the next 102 years. In 1826, Rav Dov Ber was arrested by the Czarist government on slanderous charges. His day of release, 10 Kislev is celebrated to this day as a “festival of liberation” among Lubavitch chassidim.

HaRav Moshe Shapiro, Rav of Slavita, zt"l, (c. 5519 / 1759 - 1837). His father was Harav Pinchas of Koritz, zy”a, a close disciple of the Baal Shem Tov, zy”a. Reb Moshe married the daughter of Harav Yitzchak, Dayan in Polnoah (father of Harav Gedaliah of Linz, mechaber of Teshuot Chen). When he was asked to become Rav of Slavita, Reb Moshe accepted, but only with the condition that he would not be paid a salary. A tzaddik and a talmid chacham, Reb Moshe was close to the Baal HaTanya of Chabad as well as many other Rebbes of the generation.
He supported himself by writing sifrei Torah, a trade he taught himself when he was young. Later he started making the iron molds for printers to use. Eventually Reb Moshe founded his own press, with the most up-to-date machines available at the time.
This was the beginning of the world-renowned Slavita Press, which printed only sifrei kodesh. It is said that the machines were immersed in the mikveh before use. Many tzaddikim chose to daven and learn Torah from sefarim published by this press, which was best-known for the Slavita Shas. Reb Moshe took two of his sons, Reb Shmuel Abba and Reb Pinchas, into the business (another son, Reb Mordechai, lived in Shpitikova), and they helped their father print the new Shas. It was a very beautiful edition, according to requests of the Gedolei Hador.
Preparation and printing of the Shas took five years. Because of the extensive work and vast amount of money invested in the project, the Gedolim announced that the Shas was under copyright for the next 10 years, during which it would be forbidden for any press to print Shas. But when the entire stock of Shas was sold out in a relatively short time, the Vilna Press requested that the copyright expire, even though fewer than 10 years had passed. This caused a machlokes between the Rabbanim, some siding with Slavita Press, others with the Vilna.
The end of the Slavita Press was a sad one. One of the non-Jewish binders in their business hanged himself to death in the factory while drunk. Word spread quickly that the Jewish owners killed him. Due to this slander, the brothers Reb Shmuel Abba and Reb Pinchas were exiled to Kiev. The inquiry into the case was drawn out over three years, during which the brothers were subjected to much pain and suffering. In the end, the verdict was for them to walk between two rows of policemen who would strike them with their sticks. After this punishment was carried out (observers were amazed at the serenity of the Shapira brothers during their ordeal), they were sent off to exile in Siberia. When their father, Reb Moshe, heard this, he died of a broken heart.
After much tribulation and a heavy bribe, Czar Nicholas agreed to transmute their sentence to life imprisonment in Moscow. They were in jail in Moscow for 17 years. It was only after Nicholas’s demise, when Alexander II became czar, that they were finally freed, broken in body and spirit. They returned home to Slavita only to find that the press, in which they had invested so much money and energy, was totally destroyed. (others 5560 / 1839)

HaRav Dovid Dov Berish Meisels, zt”l, Rav of Lask, (5636 / 1875) .

Harav Meir Chaim Auerbach of Manostreshitz zt"l, (5662 / 1901).

HaravYaakov Aryeh Shapiro of Neshchiz, zt”l, (5668 / 1907)

   Harav Yechiel Mechel.of Mezhibuzh, zt"l, (5680 / 1919).

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


10 Kislev
10 Kislev

10 Kislev - 1215:

The Fourth Lataran Council marked the zenith of Papal power. During the papacy of Pope Innocent III (1161-1215) old anti-Jewish decrees were expanded and Jews compelled to wear a yellow “Badge of Shame” to distinguish them from Christians. It was enforced in France, England, Germany and later in Hungary.
·
10 Kislev - 1521:

All Jewish wine was dumped by Arabs and heavy fines imposed on the Jewish community of Yerushalayim. The Arabs blamed the Jewish use of wine for a severe water shortage.

·10 Kislev - 1572:

King Maximilian II attempted to expel the Jews of Pressburg, stating that his edict would be recalled only if they accepted Christianity. The Jews remained in the city without abandoning their religion.

10 Kislev 5587 - December 10, 1826:

Harav Dov Ber of Lubavitch, the 'Mittler Rebbe', ('Admor Ha'emtzai'), was released from prison. The date of his release is celebrated by Lubavitcher Chassidim. (See 9 Kislev)

10 Kislev 5702 - November 30, 1941:

27,000 Jews of the Riga Ghetto were executed by the Nazis, Hy"d.

10 Kislev 5704 - December 7, 1943:

661 French Jews from occupied France were sent to the gas
chambers of Auschwitz., Hy"d.

10 Kislev 5705 - November 26, 1944:

Himmler ordered the destruction of Auschwitz’s crematoria to hide all evidence of the mass murders.

10 Kislev 5738 - November 20, 1977:

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat addressed the Israeli Knesset in Jerusalem. Sadat was the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, after receiving an invitation from Menachem Begin. Sadat had orchestrated the Egyptian attack on Israel in the 1973 Yom Kippur War, but after suffering defeat became resigned to the existence of the State of Israel. Much of the Arab world was outraged by Sadat's visit and his change of strategy. One year later, Sadat and Begin signed the Camp David Peace Agreement, for which they received the Nobel Peace Prize. As part of the deal, Israel withdrew from the Sinai peninsula in phases, returning the entire area to Egypt by 1983.

10 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Moshe Mordechai Margulios, zt"l, Rav and Av Beit Din Cracow, author of Chasdei Hashem, Mateh Moshe and Be’er Moshe, (5377 / 1616)

HaRav Aryeh Leib Berlin, zt”l, (5503 / 1742), the Mochiach of Berlin.

HaRav Pinchas Menachem Elazar Justman (Yustman) of Piltz, zt"l, the Sifsei Tzadik (5681 / 1920). He was a grandson of the Chidushei HaRim.

HaRav Refael Dabosh of Libya, zt"l, (5687 / 1926), son of the famous mekubal from Lybia, Rabbi Frija Dabush. He was Av Beit Din in Tripoli.

HaRav Moshe Mordechai Epstein, zt"l, (1866 - 5695 / 1934), the Levush Mordechai, Rosh Yeshiva of Slabodka and Chevron yeshivot. Born in the town of Bakst in the Vilna district, he learned at Volozhin while still quite young. After his marriage in 1889, he moved to Kovno. Three years later, one of his sisters married Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer, one of the greatest of Rav Chaim Soleveitchik’s students. The two developed a close relationship. In 1894, Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel offered both of them positions at Yeshiva Kenesset Yisrael of Slobodka. He authored the Levush Mordechai. Both Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer and Rav Moshe Mordechai married daughters of Reb Shraga Frank, one of the wealthiest men in Kovno, and in whose attic Rav Yisrael Salanter began teaching mussar to Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel and Rav Yitzchak Blazer.

HaRav Menachem Nachum of Husyatin-Lemberg, zt”l (5703 / 1942).

HaRav Tzvi Hirsh Dachowitz, zt”l, (5714 / 1953), Rav of Congregation Agudath Achim Anshei Libowitz (Lubavitch)

HaRav Isser Zalman Meltzer, zt"l, (1870- 5715 / 1954), author of Even HaEzel, rosh yeshiva of Slutsk and Eitz Chaim -Yerushalayim, disciple of the Netziv, Rav Chaim Soloveitchik, and the Chafetz Chaim. Father-in-law of Rav Aharon Kotler, and uncle of Rav Shach.His wife was descended from Rav Meir Eisenstadt, author of Ponim Meirot. Both Rav Isser Zalman Meltzer and Rav Moshe Mordechai Epstein married daughters of Reb Shraga Frank, one of the wealthiest men in Kovno, and in whose attic Rav Yisrael Salanter began teaching mussar to Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel and Rav Yitzchak Blazer.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 Kislev
11 Kislev

11 Kislev - 1510:

A Jewish community which had existed since Roman times is expelled from Naples, fifteen years after the Spanish conquest of the island

11 Kislev 5438 - December 6, 1677:

Death of Baruch Spinoza, a Jewish heretic who was excommunicated in Amsterdam for his philosophy of pantheism.

11 Kislev 5700 - November 23, 1939:

Hans Frank, the Nazi Gov. of Poland, required Jews to wear a blue star.

11 Kislev 5703 - December 8, 1942:

7,000 Jews of Minsk executed by the Nazis, Hy"d.

11 Kislev 5706 - November 16, 1945:

The charter of Yeshiva College (later Yeshiva University) was amended by the New York State Board of Regents, making it the first American university under Jewish auspices. Through the first half of the 20th century, many American universities maintained a regional quota system, whereby spaces for Jewish students was often limited. (This was, however, better than the situation in the Middle Ages, when universities were entirely closed to Jewish students.) Yeshiva University helped alleviate that strain, and today is regarded as one of America's leading academic institutions, offering advanced degrees in rabbinics, business, medicine, law, and Jewish education.

11 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Yehoshua Katz, zt"l, Rav in Crakow (5495 / 1734)
 
HaRav Yaakov Yitzchak Halevi of Pressburg, zt"l, author of Imrei Ravrevei (5523 / 1762).
 
HaRav Simcha Ashkenazi of Dessau [Dasseau], zt"l, (5546 / 1785).
 
HaRav Yechiel Heller, zt"l, Rav of Sovalk [Suvalk]. Among his sefarim are Shailot U'Teshuvot Amudei Ohr, Ohr Yesharim on the Haggadah, Oteh Ohr on Shir HaShirim, and Kinah L'Dovid which was a hesped on Rav Dovid Luria. He was niftar at the age of 47. (5622 / 1861; according to some, 1867)

HaRav Yitzchak Friedman zt"l, (1924). Born in Sadigura, both of his parents were grandchildren of the Ruzhiner Rebbe. In 1903, he married, and with the passing of his father, he set up his court in Rimanov. He was niftar during a fund-raising expedition in the United States. A close friend and relative collected hespedim for the Rebbe in a sefer called Akeidat Yitzchak.

HaRav Tzvi Hersch (Hershel) Friedman of Munkacs, zt”l, (5655 / 1895 - 5734 / 1973), Rosh Yeshiva of Nachlat Tzvi, author of Chemdat Tzvi. Born in Beregsazs, Hungary. Following his marriage, he moved to the nearby city of Munkacs.
In the early 1930s, he founded Yeshivat Nachlat Tzvi for young bachurim, which prepared them to learn in the famed Munkatcher Yeshiva, headed at the time by the Minchat Elazar.
Many of Reb Herschel’s chiddushim on sugyot haShas were lost during the Holocaust. However, upon arriving in America after World War II, Reb Herschel was determined to save at least some of his divrei Torah from being forgotten. He wanted to have the opportunity to instill Torah and yirat Shamayim into the next generation, and was indeed successful in publishing his new chiddushim al haTorah in his sefer Chemdat Tzvi.
For many years he would give a daily shiur in the Shomer Shabbat shul of Boro Park. This shiur was established for baalei batim who had the fire of Torah burning within them; they called themselves “Chevrah Lomdei Torah B’rabbim.” In three hours they would cover a blatt Gemara, Chumash/Rashi, Midrash and Shulchan Aruch.
Reb Herschel was also known for the unique niggunim that he composed. They have inspired many people, including Gedolei Yisrael. It is told that the Satmar Rebbe, zy”a, would particularly enjoy singing Reb Herschel’s niggunim, and that for many years he would sing one of them for the naanu’im on Sukkot. Reb Herschel’s niggunim are still sung today at many Rebbishe tischen.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12 Kislev
12 Kislev

12 Kislev 5387 - December 1, 1626:

Mohamed Ibn Farouk, the governor of Yerushalayim, was deposed. Sadly, his successors were not much friendlier to the local Jews than he.

12 Kislev 5427 - December 9, 1666:

Shabtsai Tzvi's primary public relations figure, Nathan of Gaza, who had not followed his master into Islam, was excommunicated by the rabbinical council in Constantinople.

12 Kislev 5602 - November 16, 1841:

HaRav Avraham Dov Auerbach of Avritch, author of Bat Ayin, among the last of those to perish in a plague in Tzefat which ended shortly after his passing. (See below)

12 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Shlomo Luria Ashkenazi, zt"l, (1510 - 5334 / 1573), known by the acronym of his name, Maharshal. His ancestry was traced back to the great Jewish commentator, Rashi, and he was a cousin of Rav Moshe Isserles, who wrote the Ashkenazi portion of the Code of Jewish Law. Rav Luria wrote Yam Shel Shlomo, a halachic commentary on 16 tractates of the Talmud (only 7 of which are still extant), and a commentary on the Talmud, Chachmat Shlomo (an abridged version appears in nearly all editions of the Talmud today). He was rav of the city of Brisk, and head of the famed Lublin Yeshiva, which attracted students from across Europe.

HaRav Yitzchak Shmuel Lempronti, zt”l, (1679 - 5517 / 1756), author of Pachad Yitzchak, the first major Talmudic encyclopedia ever assembled. He was also moreh tzedek in Ferera, Italy, and the teacher of the Ramchal.

HaRav Avraham Dov Auerbach of Avritch and Tzefat, author of Bat Ayin, zt”l, (5526 / 1765- 5602 / 1841), (others 5601 / 1840). He was a disciple of Rav Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev and the first two Rebbes of Chernobyl. He was the son-in-law of Harav Nassan Nota, the Rav of Avritch. After his father-in-law’s petira, (1785), he became the Rav of Avritch and served in that capacity for 40 years. Afterwards, he became Rav in the much larger Ukrainian town of Zhitomir, where he attracted many chassidim. He moved to Tzefat in 1830 at the age of 65. His beit medrash was right next to that of Harav Yisrael of Shklov, the Pe’at Hashulchan, talmid of the Vilna Gaon. Despite their ideological differences, a close friendship developed between the two. In addition, Harav Avraham Dov was revered by the local Arabs as a holy man.
On 24 Tevet 5597 / (January 1, 1837), a deadly earthquake struck between Minchah and Maariv while Harav Avraham Dov was in his beit medrash.
He shouted to everyone present to stand close to the aron kodesh, promising that if they did so they would be saved. A moment later the ceiling fell in — except for the place where Harav Avraham Dov had warned everyone to take shelter. In gratitude, a seudat hodaah took place at that spot every year. (5,000 people lost their lives in that earthquake, of whom 4,000 were Jews).
A year later, on the earthquake’s first anniversary, Harav Avraham Dov announced that no earthquake would ever shake Tzefat again.
In 5601/1840, a terrible plague broke out in Tzefat. When Harav Avraham Dov fell ill, he announced that his petira would be atonement for the town; he would be the plague’s last victim.
Harav Avraham Dov was niftar on 12 Kislev, and as he had predicted, the plague stopped immediately. He was buried in the old cemetery of Tzefat, in .a me’arah of great Chassidic leaders that lies not far from the kevarim of the Beit Yosef and the Alshich. Many people daven there today.
Although Harav Avraham Dov wrote his famous sefer, Bat Ayin, while he was still in Europe, he refused to print it until it was exposed to and refined by the air of the Holy Land. This sefer is built on the tenets of Chassidut as taught by the Chernobyl dynasty, and is considered a basic Chassidic work.

HaRav Naftali Schwartz of Mahd, zt”l, (5657 / 1896), author of sefer Beit Naftali.

HaRav Chaim Leibush Horowitz of Cracow, zt”l, (5665 / 1904).

HaRav Yehoshua Moshe Aharonson of Petach Tikva, zt”l, (1910 - 5754 / 1993). Born in Warsaw, he was was named rabbi of Sanok in 1937. In the winter of early 1940, he was appointed to the Beit Din of Warsaw. In March 1942, he was deported to the Konin labor camp, near Chelmno. The Konin camp was liquidated in the summer of 1943. Rabbi Aharonson was taken to Hohensalza, and afterwards to Auschwitz 3 (Buna). In 1945 he was transferred from Auschwitz to Buchenwald and then taken on a death march to Theresienstadt, where he was liberated. He subsequently moved to Eretz Israel, where he served as a Rav in Petach Tikva and Emmanuel. Author of Yeshuat Moshe and Alei Merorot.

.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


13 Kislev
13 Kislev

13 Kislev 5522 - December 9, 1761:

The Jews of Mogilev perished in a mass murder, Hy"d.

13 Kislev 5704 - December 10, 1943:

As Allied troops neared, the Germans tried to cover up their actions by killing the surviving inmates of the labor camp and destroying the camp itself in Tarasika, Romania, Hy"d.

13 Kislev 5722 - November 21, 1961:

First chassidic town in the U.S., New Square, elects its first mayor.

13 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

Ravina, berei D'rav (the son of Rav) Huna, zy”a, ,(4260 / 499, 475, or 421 C.E.).(co-author of Talmud Bavli, (the Babylonian Talmud). Ravina's father, Rav Huna, died when he was young, he was educated by his mother. Ravina and his teacher Rav Ashi collected and commented on the rabbinic discussions that would henceforth be known as the Babylonian Talmud. After Ravina, no further additions were made to the Talmud, with the exception of the minimal editing undertaken by the Rabbanan Savurai. This date thus marks the point at which the Talmud was “closed,” and the end of the Tekufat Haamarayim, (the Talmudic period of Amoraim).(Others 12 Kislev).

HaRav Azariah min Ha'adumim, zt”l, author of Meor Einayim (5338 / 1577).
 
HaRav Shlomo Zalman Yosef of Vyelpol, zt”l, (5618 / 1857).
 
HaRav Dov Ber of Levo, zt”l, son on Rav Yisrael of Ruzhin (5636 / 1875).
 
HaRav Yisrael Aryeh of Premishlan (5651 / 1890).
 
HaRav Dov Ber Livshitz, Rav of Sardnik (5661 / 1900).
 
HaRav Yisrael (ben Shmuel Eliyahu) Taub of Modzhitz, author of Divrei Yisrael (1849- 5681 / 1920). He was a grandson of Rav Yechezkel Taub of Kuzmir, who was one of the students of the Chozeh of Lublin. He became the first Rebbe of Modzhitz in 1891, and was succeeded by his son, Rav Shaul Yedidya Elazer. Legend has it that in 1913 Rav Taub composed a 30-minute negun while having his leg amputated without anesthesia.

HaRav Yisrael Friedman, the second Tchortkover Rebbe (1934, 5694 / 1933, or 1932).
 
HaRav Yechiel Michel (ben Baruch) Hager of Horodenka (1941). One of the sons of the Imrei Baruch, he was appointed Rebbe (as were his brothers), after his father's petira on 20 Kislev 1892. Rav Yechiel Michel moved to Horodenka, to succeed his brother, Rav Shmuel Abba, who passed away childless in 1895. He married the daughter of his older brother, Rav Chaim (Rebbe in Antiniya). During World War I, he escaped to Chernowitz and served as Rebbe to the many Vizhnitz Chassidim there. He had one son, Baruch, who was later appointed Dayan in Chernowitz. After Sukkot of 1941, he was among 5000 Jews who were deported to Transnistria, and area in southwestern Ukraine, between the Dniester River ("Nistru" in Romanian) and the Bug River, north of the Black Sea. Also on that transport was Rav Aharon of Boyan, who came down with typhus and was niftar on 13 or 14 Cheshvan. Both Rav Yechiel Michel and his son Baruch came down with typhus in the work camp in Warchovka and died there.
 
HaRav Shalom Hadayah of Aram Tzova (1864-1944). A descendent of Rav Saadyah Gaon, Reb Shalom's father passed away when he was only three. He married at the age of 20, and moved to Eretz Yisrael in 1888 with his father-in-law's family. In 1891, Rav Shalom had to return to Aram Tzova. While there, he was stricken with an eye ailment and nearly lost his eyesight. Despite that, he wrote a sefer, Shalom LaAm, which focuses on the issues of doing tzedakah and chessed, particularly on behalf of Torah students and scholars. In 1896, Rav Shalom moved to Eretz Yisrael permanently, first settling in the Bucharian Quarter, then moving to the Ohel Moshe neighborhood. In 1904, Rav Shalom was appointed moreh tzedek in the beit din of Rav Vidal Anjel and Rav Baruch Elnekavah. In 1930, he was appointed Rosh Av Beit Din of all the Sephardic communities in Yerushalayim. In 1927, Yerushalayim's chief kabbalist, and rosh yeshivah of Bais Keil, Rav Mas'ud HaKohen Elchaded, passed away and Rav Shalom was appointed his successor. Besides Shalom LaAm, the other sefarim Rav Shalom wrote were: Dover Shalom, responsa on the Arba Turim; HaChaim v'HaShalom, a series of Torah extrapolations; and Shalom v'Tzedek. His son, Rav Ovadyah, was a prominent Rosh Mesivta in the Porat Yosef yeshiva. When the Jordanians conquered the Old City, Yeshivat Bais Keil was destroyed and Rav Ovadyah reestablished it in his own home in the new city. After the Six-Day War, he reestablished the yeshiva in the Old City.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 Kislev
14 Kislev

14 Kislev 2194 - 1568 B.C.E.:

Birth of Reuven - b'chor (first born son) of Yaakov Avinu and Leah.

Birth of Reuven, Yaakov's first son and the first of the Twelve Tribes of Israel (Bereishit / Genesis 29:32). Yaakov had originally worked for seven years in order to marry Rachel, but at the last minute Leah appeared under the chuppah instead. On their wedding night, Reuven was conceived. Though he was first-born, he eventually lost his leadership role, due to a reputation for impetuousness.

His Yahrtzeit is also on this date 14 Kislev. (
2317 / 1445 B.C.E.)

14 Kislev 5380 - November 21, 1619:

Shah Abbasi of Persia intensifies persecution against the Jews, forcing to live clandestantly as Jews while outwardly practicing Islam.

14 Kislev 5424 - December 13, 1663:


Mattathias Calahora, a physician in Poland, was accused by Friar Servatius of "blaspheming the mother of J.C." Based soley on the testimony Servatius, Calahora was tortured and burned at the stake, Hy"d.

14 Kislev 5517 - December 7, 1756:

A council of rabbis met in Satanow, Poland, to ratify a cherem against the Frankists cult. According to the council, the Frankists broke fundamental Jewish laws and accepted tenets of Christianity.

14 Kislev 5552 - December 7, 1791:

Death of Jacob Frank. His daughter became leader of the cult until her death in 1816, after which the group - primarily in Poland and Bohemia - became absorbed into the non-Jewish middle class.

14 Kislev 5591 - November 30, 1830:

Greece grants citizenship to Jews.

14 Kislev 5605 - November 25, 1844:

The Czar of Russia provided for the establishment of Jewish schools and seminaries.

14 Kislev 5702 - December 4, 1941:

The Nazis placed the Jews of Poland outside the law and beyond protection of the courts.

14 Kislev 5709 - December 16, 1948:

First plane of Operation Magic Carpet brings Yemenite Jews to Eretz Yisroel..

14 Kislev Yahrtzeits:
   
Reuven ben Yaakov Avinu (2317 BCE-1445 BCE) See above.

HaRav Matisyahu Kalohari (Apteker) of Cracow, Hy”d, (5424 / 1663)

HaRav Menashe ben Yisrael of Amsterdam, zt”l, author of Nishmat Odom (5417 / 1656). He was a friend of Rembrandt van Rijn, who apart from making an etching of the Rabbi also illustrated his books. It was Rav Menashe, who together with Rav Jacob Sasportas, pleaded with Oliver Cromwell to allow the Jews to settle in England on philosophical and theological grounds.
 
HaRav Shmuel of Pozen, zt”l, author of Beit Shmuel, (5567 / 1806).

HaRav Menachem Nachum (ben Yisrael) of Stefinesht, Romania, zt”l, (1823 - 5269 / 1868 or 9), one of the five sons of the Ruzhiner Rebbe. He was succeeded by his son, Rav Avraham Matisyahu, when the latter was 21 years old.

HaRav Yaakov Yitzchak of Zavna. zt”l, (5652 / 1891). 

HaRav Mordechai Twersky of Layev, zt”l, (5666 / 1905)

HaRav Elazar Lev, zt”l, Rav in Ungvar, author of Pekudat Eliezer, (5678 / 1917).

HaRav Yaakov Moshe of Velbroz, zt”l, ????

HaRav Matisyahu Garjei, zt”l, author of Oneg L’Shabbat, ????

HaRav Dovid Abuchatzeira, zt”l, (5680 / 1919).
 
HaRav Betzalel  Zev Shafran of Baku, zt”l, (5690 / 1929).

HaRav Shaul Rosenberg, zt”l, Rav of Ratzfert, author of Chemdat Shaul, (5700 / 1939)

HaRav Mordechai Yaakov Breish of Zurich, zt”l, the Chelkat Yaakov (1895 – 5737 / 1976). Born in Skohl, Galicia, his father was a chassid of Rav Yissachar Dov of Belz. He married in 1920, and the couple lived in Lvov. He became Rav in Alesk, and then in 1928 of Disbourg, Germany. In 1933, he published Tikun Eruvin, a detailed examination of the halachot of eruvin involved in his project of making a community eruv to help his mispalelim, who were otherwise carrying on Shabbat. Following a life-threatening incident with the Nazis, who had just come to power, Rav Mordechai Yaakov and his wife decided to escape Germany. After a brief time in Lance, France, they settled in Zurich, Switzerland, where he nurtured the Jewish community for 40 years. In 1967, he established the Kollel Le'horaah Chelkat Yaakov in Bnai Brak.

 

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


15 Kislev
15 Kislev

15 Kislev - 167 B.C.E.:

A pagan altar was set up in the Beit Hamikdash under the Greeks.

15 Kislev - 1349:

Five hundred Jews of Nuremberg were massacred during the Black Death riots, Hy"d.

15 Kislev 5725 - November 20, 1964:

The Second Vatican Council, under Pope Paul VI, condemns anti-Semitism, declaring after 1800 years that the Jewish people as a whole are not to be blamed for deicide.

15 Kislev 5737 - December 7, 1976:

That bastion of impartiality - the UN Security Council, endorsed Nazi Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-General for his second 5 year term.

15 Kislev 5748 - December 6, 1987:

More than 200,000 American Jews marched on Washington to demand that Soviet Jews be allowed to emigrate and practice their faith. The rally was timed to coincide with a meeting between President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.

Russian Jews like Natan Sharansky, Yosef Mendelovich and hundreds of others were imprisoned for the mere act of applying for an exit visa. Their plight, met with indifference by much of the Western world, spawned a massive activist effort on behalf of Soviet Jewry. In the 1970s, when the Soviet Bolshoi Ballet performed in the U.S., they were greeted by Jewish pickets demanding rights for Soviet Jews. In 1974, the U.S. Congress passed the Jackson-Vanik amendment, which linked trade with Russia to freedom of emigration for Soviet Jews. The struggle for Soviet Jewry continued throughout the 1980s, and it was not until the collapse of the Soviet empire in 1991, that the gates opened to the emigration of some one million Jews.

15 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

Rab' Yehudah HaNasi, zy"a / Rabbi Judah the Prince, son of Rabi Shimon ben Gamliel. (3954 - 193 C.E.). Also known as Rabbeinu HaKadosh ("our holy master"), or simply as "Rebbi." He was elected Nasi -- spiritual and civil head of the Jewish community at large -- after the death of his father, Rabi Shimon ben Gamliel. He was the leader of the Jewish people during the period following the destruction of the Second Beit Hamikdash. Foreseeing that due to the tribulations of the Exile which the Jewish nation was about to endure it was likely that many of the sacred laws would be forgotten, Rab' Yehudah decided to gather, record, edit, and organize the statements of the earlier sages, setting the Oral Law down in writing for very the first time, in the form of the Mishnah.
Rab' Yehudah developed a close friendship with the ruling Roman authorities, and was able to secure various benefits for the Jewish community. Although he was extremely wealthy and on friendly terms with the Emperor Antoninus, in his dying hour he lifted both his hands to Heaven, swearing that he had not benefited from his wealth even with his little finger. Instead he had labored in the study of Torah with all his strength. On the day that Rab' Yehudah died, a heavenly voice went forth and announced: "Whosoever has been present at the death of Rebbi is destined to enjoy the life of the World to Come." The Talmud (Ketubot 103a) relates that even after his passing, for a time, Rab' Yehudah would still visit his home every Friday evening at dusk. Wearing Shabbat clothes, he would recite the Kiddush, and thereby discharge his family members from their obligation to hear Kiddush. He is credited with the wise and humble saying: "I learned much from my teachers, more from my colleagues, but most of all I learned from my students."
The Shelah HaKadosh writes, "Kabbalah BiYadi--I have a personal Kabbalah--that a person who is a baki--well-versed--in Mishnayot will not ‘roeh penei Gehenom'--will not see the face of Gehenom."

HaRav Avraham Ibn Ezra (the second), zt”l, author of Batei Kenesiyot (5521 / 1760).
 
HaRav Ze'ev of Zhitomer,zt”l, the Ohr Hamei'ir (1799)
 
HaRav Eliezer Fishel of Brodi, zt”l, (5572 / 1811)
 
HaRav Yisrael Efraim Fishel Sofer of Nanash, zt”l, the Afsei Aretz (5659 / 1898).

HaRav Simcha Bunim (ben Avraham Shmuel Binyamin) Sofer of Pressburg (5603 / 1852 (others1842) – 5667 / 1906), the Shevet Sofer. Author of Shaarei Simcha and Shevet Sofer. He was the son of Harav Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer, the Ketav Sofer, and his wife Rebbetzin Chava Leah. . He was the grandson of the Chatam Sofer, and a great-grandson of Rav Akiva Eiger and a descendant of Harav Mordechai Yaffe, the Levush.
In Sivan 5625 / 1865, Reb Simchah Bunim married Rebbetzin Rachel, daughter of the naggid Reb Peretz Neiman of Vienna, who promised to support his son-in-law so he could continue learning. After three years in Pressburg, his father-in-law requested that he come to live in his city of Vienna. Reb Simchah Bunim acquiesced. His father-in-law asked that he join his business, a silk factory, hoping that his zechut would profit the company. Reb Simchah Bunim spent little time there, and even when he was there, he was busy answering Torah-related questions from those who came to ask. To one talmid chacham who asked how business was going, he said that business was very good that day — he had been able to answer a question on Rambam!
As Reb Simchah Bunim’s fame spread through the Austro-Hungarian Empire, he became close to many leading Rabbanim. Many kehillot wanted him for a Rav, but he refused their offers. He succeeded his father as Rav and Rosh Yeshiva in Pressburg in 1872, at the age of 29, the yeshiva housing over 400 talmidim at the time.
Reb Simchah Bunim was involved in the struggle against the maskilim, strengthening all the kehillot in their efforts not to deviate from the ways of the Torah and the mesora.
He was admired by all the Gedolim of that era. He signed his name first on every kol korei of that time, as all deferred to him.
Reb Simchah Bunim was in Frankfurt am Main (the city in which his grandfather, the Chatam Sofer, was born and grew up) to see a doctor when he was niftar on 15 Kislev, 5667 / 1906. He was just under 64 years old. The kehillah in Frankfurt wanted him to be buried there, but the Pressburg kehillah would not agree, and he was buried in the family chelkah in Pressburg near his father and grandfather.
He himself was succeeded by his son, Rav Akiva Sofer, the Daat Sofer.
Interestingly, the Chatam Sofer was Rav in Pressburg for 33 years, 5567–5600; his son the Ksav Sofer was also Rav for 33 years, 5600–5632; and the Shevet Sofer was Rav for the same amount of time. When Reb Simchah Bunim’s son, the Daat Sofer, neared his 33rd year as Rav, he was very worried, and asked his uncle, the Erlauer Rav, what to do. He was advised to leave Pressburg and move to Eretz Yisrael. He did so in 5700 / 1940, and thus was spared the horrors of the War.
Reb Simchah Bunim wrote numerous sefarim, the most famous of which is She’eilot U’Teshuvot Shevet Sofer on all parts of the Shulchan Aruch. He also wrote chiddushim on sugyot of Shas, printed together with his drashot on Torah as Shaarei Simchah. The many hespeidim on him were compiled as Ohel Rachel, printed in the back of Shaarei Simchah. (16 Kislev according to others).

HaRav Raphael Even Tzur, zt”l, Rav of Fez, Morocco (5677 / 1916)
 
HaRav Dovid Twersky of Skver, zt”l, (5680 / 1919). He left Skver for Kiev in 1914, following the Bolshevik Revolution. His eldest son, Mordechai, was niftar the same year. Rav Mordechai was then succeeded by his own son, Rav Yitzchak.
 
HaRav Dovid Hakohen Leibowitz, zt”l, (1890-1941). Born in Warsaw,  he studied in the yeshiva of Radin as a teenager, where he held private study sessions with his great-uncle, the Chafetz Chaim for 12 hours a day. In 1908, upon the latter's recommendation, Rav Dovid went to learn in the Slabodka Yeshiva, under the direction of the Alter, Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel. In 1915, Rav Leibowitz succeeded his father-in-law as Rav of Selechnik. After six years, however, he returned to Slobodka as a founding member of the Slabodka Kollel. Every member of the Kovno Kollel had to commit himself to one year of traveling abroad and raising funds for the Kollel. That is what brought Rav Dovid to America in 1926. While there, he was offered the job as rosh yeshiva of Mesivta Torah Vodaat
. Among his students were Rav Gedalya Schorr and Rav Avraham Pam. In 1933, Rav Leibowitz founded Yeshivat Rabbenu Yisrael Meir Hacohen (better known today as the Chafetz Chaim Yeshiva/Rabbinical Seminary of America in Forest Hills, N.Y.) There he transplanted to the United States his unique style of Talmud study as well as the Slabodka school of mussar. The yeshiva has been headed for the past half-century by his son, Rav Henoch Leibowitz zt”l, who was niftar in 2008.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


16 Kislev
16 Kislev

16 Kislev

According to the opinion of the Talmudic sage Rabbi Yehoshua, who maintains that the Flood began on 17 Iyar, the bottom of Noach’s Tayva / Ark, submerged 11 cubits beneath the water's surface, touched down and came to rest on the top of Mount Ararat on this day (2104 BCE?) .

16 Kislev 5564 - Dec. 1, 1803:

The author of the halachic works Chayei Adam and Chochmat Adam, HaRav Avraham Danzig, (1748-1820), survived a blast and fire on the eve of the 16th of Kislev. The inferno engulfed many homes, including his own home and the very room where all of his family members were, causing some of the walls to collapse. Rav Avraham Danzig then established the day as a Yom Tov (Pulver Purim) for himself and all of his future descendants to mark the miraculous escape.

16 Kislev 5653 - December 5, 1892:

Hermann Ahlwardt elected to the German Reichstag, marking the beginning of political anti-Semitism in Germany.

16 Kislev 5700 - November 28, 1939:

In order to comply with German wishes to be "free of Jews," the newly annexed town of Suvalki, Poland deported its 6,000 Jewish residents.

16 Kislev 5700 - November 28, 1939:

The Judenrat was established by the Nazi governor-general of Poland.

16 Kislev 5704 - December 13, 1943:

The SS began its extermination of the local population of Vladimir-Volynski, Poland. They were attacked by 30 armed Jews. A number of the SS officers were killed as well as half of the attacking force.

16 Kislev 5707 - November 9, 1946:

The 22nd World Zionist Congress met in Basle, Switzerland. In the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust, Zionist leaders had lost all patience with British stonewalling about the creation of a Jewish state. Thus the Zionists decided to forcibly resist British policy, and Jewish underground movements redoubled their campaign to damage British installations such as rail lines, police stations and army bases. In one night in 1946, Ben Gurion's Hagana blew up 12 critical bridges. The efforts were largely successful, and by 1947 Britain declared its intention to withdraw, thus leading to the UN Partition Plan of November 1947.

16 Kislev Yahrtzeits:     
 
HaRav Yaakov of Lublin, zt”l, (5404 / 1643 or 1644), father of Rav Herschel of Cracow

HaRav Menachem (ben Yaakov Dovid) Kalish of Amshinov, zt”l, (1860 -5678 / 1917). Succeeded his father in 1878, at the young age of 18. One of his sons, Rav Yosef, became Rebbe in Amshinov, while his second son, Rav Shimon Shalom, became a Rebbe in Otvotsk. When Rav Yosef passed away, in 1935, his son, Rav Yaakov Dovid (1906-1942), was immediately appointed as his successor. His uncle, Rav Shimon Shalom, had fled to Shanghai where he helped the Mir yeshiva escape and, after the war, he went to America. Upon his passing in 1954, he was succeeded by his son, Rav Yerachmiel Yehuda Meir, who set up court in the Yerushalayim neighborhood of Bayit Vegan. Rav Yerachmiel Yehuda Meir's grandson, Rav Yaakov Aryeh Milikowski, succeeded him in 1976. Rav Yitzchak Kalish, the son of Rav Yosef, became the Rebbe of Amshinover chassidim in America. Of Amshinov itself, nothing remained.
 
HaRav Shaul Yedidya Elazar (ben Yisrael)
Taub (the Imrei Shaul), , zt”l, the second Modzitzer Rebbe. (5647 / 1886- 5708 / 1947). Born in Osherov, (in the Radom district of Poland). Reb Shaul Yedidyah married the daughter of Harav Avraham Eiger of Lublin. He remarried following her passing.
He assumed the leadership of Modzitz upon the passing of his father, the Divrei Yisrael, in 5681 / 1920. From 1940 until 1947 the Rebbe resided in Brooklyn New York. All his life his soul was drawn to Eretz Yisrael. He visited three times from Poland, and always planned to settle there. His fourth and last trip to Eretz Yisrael was from the United States in 5708 / 1947; he went fully intending to settle there, but Hashem had other plans. He became very ill and was niftar on Shabbat Parashat Vayishlach, 16 Kislev 5708 / 1947. (This was the very day that the U.N. passed its partition plan for “Palestine.”)
The Rebbe was the last person buried on Har Hazeitim until after the Six-Day War. A matzeiva was first erected on his kever in 1967, 20 years after his petira.
Reb Shaul was probably the most prolific chassidic composer of all time with the total output numbering close to 1000 compositions. As a composer, his niggunim were not the folk-style melodies of many of his predecessors but rather intricate, musically structured and quite lengthy. He thought in terms of instruments, and often suggested an accompaniment of strings, winds and horns to enhance his niggunim.
His teachings have been collected in the volumes of Imrei Shaul and Yisa Bracha. He was succeeded by his oldest son, Reb Shmuel Eliyahu Taub.

HaRav Dovid Leib Schwartz, zt”l, "Der Heiliger Tzadik" of Bnei Brak, (1999)

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


17 Kislev
17 Kislev


17 Kislev 3414 - 348 B.C.E.:

The Navi (prophet) Ezra HaSofer (the Scribe), after his arrival in Eretz Yisroel, went to the Beit Hamikdash, fasted, prayed and cried in public. A large following gathered around him and joined his prayers. The kohanim and Israelites swore to send away their non-Jewish wives. Ezra then issued a proclamation that all Jews residing in Eretz Yisroel should assemble in three days' time in Yerushalayim. (See 20 Kislev).

17 Kislev 5110 - 1349:
The Jews of Ausburg, Germany were massacred, Hy"d.

17 Kislev 5141 - 1380:

Many Jewish moneylenders were killed as French nobles rioted in Paris after Charles VI ascended to the throne and said he would not expel the Jews. The murderers hoped to relieve themselves of their debt, Hy"d.

17 Kislev 5357 - December 8, 1596:

The first Jewish author in America, Luis de Carvajal el Mozo, his mother, and three sisters were burned at the stake in Mexico City by the Inquisition, together with five other Crypto-Jews who were also accused of Judaizing, Hy"d.

17 Kislev 5609 - December 12, 1848:

The Jews of Nassau, Germany were granted equality.

17 Kislev 5658 - December 12, 1897:

Anti-Jewish violence erupted in Bucharest.

17 Kislev 5679 - November 21, 1918:

Polish soldiers organized a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland.

17 Kislev 5705 - December 3, 1944:

· End of the Hungarian death march of Jews.

17 Kislev 5708 - November 30, 1947:

The United Nations, by a vote of 33-13 with 10 abstentions voted in favor of the partition of Palestine. This vote enabled the establishment of the State of Israel as a national homeland for the Jewish People.
The Jewish area was split into three non-contiguous plots, with no consideration of security: the eastern Galilee, the coastal plain from Haifa down to Tel Aviv, and the majority being the uncultivable Negev desert. The other half of the land was to form a new Arab state. Jerusalem and its 100,000 Jews was to be completely surrounded on four sides by the Arab state, and administered as an international zone. Despite these unfavorable terms, the Jewish Agency immediately accepted the Partition Plan; the Arabs immediately rejected it. Fighting began soon after, leading to a full-scale assault in 1948 by troops from Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi and Yemen.
·
17 Kislev 5708 - November 30, 1947:

A day after the United Nations vote, the Israeli War of Independence began when a bus near Lod is attacked and five of its passengers killed. The Arabs proclaim a general strike and attack the Jewish commercial quarter near the Old City of Yerushalayim.

17 Kislev 17, 5748 - December 8, 1987:

The first "intifadah" (Arabic for uprising) by Palestinians in the Israeli-administered areas of the West Bank and Gaza began.

17 Kislev Yahrtzeits:

HaRav Dovid Teveli of Volna, zt”l, (5327 / 1566), son-in-law of the Maharshal.

HaRav Shlomo Shapiro, Hy”d, (5408 / 1647), a son of the Megaleh Amukot, killed al kiddush Hashem during Gezeirot Tach v’Tat.

Harav Dovid of Podheitz, Hy”d, (5413 / 1652), burned al kiddush Hashem.

HaRav Chai Taib of Tunisia, zt"l, author of HaLev Hitin (1835).

HaRav Yosef Yoizel Horowitz, The Alter of Novardok, zt"l, (1849[or 1858] - 5680 / 1919). Born in the Lithuanian town of Plongian to Rav Shlomo Zalman, Rav and Dayan of the town, Rav Yosef Yoizel joined Kovno’s Kollel Perushim where he studied under Rav Itzele Blazer, Rav Naftali Amsterdam and Rav Avraham Shenker, spending at least 18 hours a day studying, most of the time standing. He also spent two lengthy periods learning in solitude - first, he secluded himself in a small room for a year and a half after tragically losing his first wife during childbirth; later, learning in a room in a forest for 12 years, leaving only to visit his family for Shabbatot. In 1894, Rav Yosef Yoizel began to visit the Alter of Kelm, Rav Simcha Zissel Ziv. Later, he established a large yeshiva in Novorodok and was responsible for creating a whole network of yeshivas. During the War, in 1914, he moved the yeshiva - with its bachurim - to Hommel in the Ukraine, as the Germans advanced on Novardok. In 1918, he moved it to Kiev.

HaRav Shlomo Heiman, zt"l, Rosh Yeshiva of Beit Medrash Elyon, Tora Vodaas (1893 - 5705 / 1944). Born in Parenz, near Minsk, Reb Shlomo entered the yeshiva in Halusk at age 12, where he learned under Rav Baruch Ber Leibowitz. He remained there until 1917, when he married Chaya Feiga Rudensky of Volozhin. That year, he was appointed by Rav Baruch Ber to serve as Rosh Yeshiva in Knesset Bait Yitzchak. When anti-Semitic harassment forced him to leave the area, the Chafetz Chaim asked Rav Shlomo to teach in his yeshiva. When WWI ended, Rav Elchonon Wasserman asked Rav Shlomo to be a Rosh Yeshiva in Baranovitch. In 1927 Rav Chaim Ozer Grodzenski invited Rav Shlomo to be Rosh Yeshiva of the Ramailles Yeshiva in Vilna, a position he held for almost eight years. In 1935, with Rav Chaim Ozer’s approval, Rav Shlomo accepted an invitation to head Yeshiva Torah Vodaas. Thus he was spared, through hashgacha pratis, the horrors of WWII. Since he arrived in America a few years before the onset of the Holocaust, he was able to aid in the rescue of Bnei Torah and Rebbeim.

HaRav Avraham Yochanan Blumenthal, zt"l, (1877-1966). Born to his parents one year after they made aliyah from Hungary, he married in 1895, and - despite the death of three of his children and his wife’s becoming hard of hearing - he began an orphanage for the destitute of Yerushalayim during World War I. Beit Zion Blumenthal has been continued by his grandson, Rav Eliezer Rakovsky (d. 1996) and his great grandson, Rav Baruch Rakovsky.

HaRav Eliezer Zev Rosenbaum of Rachov,, zt”l, (5689 / 1929 - 5759 / 1998). Son of Harav Yitzchak of Rachov, a scion of the Nadvorna dynasty. At 15 he went through the horrors of World War II, losing his entire family except for one sister. He himself had a close escape from death; as he was being taken out to be shot, along with 500 other Jews, he managed to run away. Following the end of the War, Reb Eliezer Zev remained in Europe for another year and then reached Eretz Yisrael. He married the daughter of his cousin Harav Chaim Mordechai of Nadvorna. At the instruction of Harav Aharon of Belz, zy”a, in 5711 / 1951 Reb Eliezer Zev began to lead Rachover Chassidus, initially in Ramle and later in Ramat Gan. He was succeeded by his son Harav Yechiel Meir Rosenbaum, shlita, the Rachover Rebbe. Another son is Harav Yitzchak Rosenbaum. His sons-in-law are Harav Shlomo Kahana of Spinka; Harav Yehudah Rosenbaum, Linsker Rebbe; Harav Gedaliah Moshe Roth, son of the Shomrei Emunim Rebbe, shlita; and Harav Yitzchak Eizik Kahana, son of Harav Moshe Nachman of Spinka.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


18 Kislev
18 Kislev

18 Kislev 5408 - December 15, 1647:

Isaac De Castro Tartas was burned at the stake in Lisbon at the age of 21, Hy"d. Although he was a Dutch citizen, he was condemned when he refused to accept Christianity.

18 Kislev 5523 - December 4, 1762:

Catherine II of Russia permitted all foreigners except Jews to settle and travel in Russia.

18 Kislev 5554 - November 22, 1793:

During the French Revolution, antireligious fervor peaked. Laws were published in Strasbourg, Alsace-Lorraine, France that prohibited religious circumcision, and the wearing of beards. It also ordered the burning of books written in Hebrew. The French Revolution, born of the ideals of Enlightenment, had become the first society to emancipate the Jews, permitting them to enter the highest levels of government and finance. Yet all the talk of "equality" did not stop Voltaire from singling out the Jews as "the most abominable people in the world." The invective gained expression in the 1940s when the French Vichy regime took the initiative to round up and hand over 61,000 Jews to the Nazis.

18 Kislev 5670 - December 1, 1909:

The first Kibbutz Degania Aleph was founded in Palestine (pre-state Israel) by Aaron David Gordon (1856-1922), who was considered the visionary of the militantly secular kibbutz movement. In 2005, breaking with its lengthy secular tradition, Degania opened its first synagogue.

18 Kislev 5679 - November 22, 1918:

Polish forces attack the Jews of Lvov.

18 Kislev 5699 - December 11, 1938:

Hermann Goering announced consideration of Madagascar as a home for European Jewry.

18 Kislev 5702 - December 8, 1941:

The Chelmno extermination camp opened in Poland.

18 Kislev 5702 - December 8, 1941:

All Jewish females and children were ordered to register with the Police of Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

18 Kislev 5702 - December 8, 1941:

Fifteen hundred "old and weak" Jews from the Riga ghetto were murdered by the S.S. in a forest near Bikerneku. Some of the Jews were shot to death while others were asphyxiated in experimental death trucks. These events were later recalled in the book "Endless Miracles," by survivor Jack Ratz, who was 14 at the time, Hy"d.

18 Kislev Yahrtzeits

Rabbeinu Avraham ben HaRambam, zt"l, (1186 - 4998 / 1237 or 8). The only son of the Rambam, born to him by his second wife in Fostat, Egypt . Author of Hamaspik L’ovdei Hashem.

HaRav Aryeh Leib Darshan of Posen, zt"l,(5497 / 1736).

HaRav Baruch of Mezhbizh, zt"l, (1756 [or 1753] - 5572 / 1811), son of Rav Yechiel Ashkenazi and Adel (Hudel), the only daughter of the Baal Shem Tov. Educated by Rav Pinchas of Koritz and the Maggid of Mezritch, he began serving as Rebbe in Tulchin. After the passing of his older brother, the Degel Machane Ephraim in 1798, Rav Baruch settled in Mezhibizh.

HaRav Yekusiel Shmuel Shmelke of Sassov, zt"l, (1857 or 1861).

HaRav Yosef Yitzchak of Ovritch, zt"l, son of the Tzemach Tzedek of Lubavitch, and father of Rebbitzen Shterna Sarah who was the wife of the Rebbe RaShaB (1877) (others 5636 / 1875).

HaRav Mordechai Alishberg of Boisk, zt"l, (5650 / 1889).

HaRav Chaim Tzvi Ehrenreich, zt"l, author of ShU”T Kav Chaim (1875 - 5697 / 1936). Born in Savrantz, his grandfather was Rav Avraham Yehuda Scwartz, the Kol Aryeh. His primary teacher was brother, Rav Shlomo Zalman Ehrenreich, Rav of Shamlau and author of Lechem Shlomo. Rav Chaim Tzvi became Rav of the Mahd community when he was 57, succeeding his father-in-law. He was also Av Beit Din of Mahd for over thirty years. In 1923, he published Ketzeit Hamateh on the Mateh Ephraim (by Rav Ephraim Zalman Margulies of Brodt) on the halachot of Chodesh Elul and Chodesh Tishrei. In 1932, he published Shaarei Chaim on Shaarei Epharim, dealing with halachot of kriat Hatorah. His magnus opus, Kav Chaim, comprised 102 (gematria of Kav) Teshuvot in practical halacha.

HaRav Tzvi Menachem Teller, zt"l, Rosh Yeshiva at the Bait Medrash L’Torah (Skokie Yeshiva) (1951-2007). His parents were Gerrer Chasidim from distinguished lineage, descended from Rav Yitzchok of Vorki. Upon advice of the Gerrer Rebbe, the Bait Yisrael, young Tzvi Teller went to a Lithuanian style Yeshiva. He learned at the Ponovezh Yeshiva for seven years as a talmid of Rav Dovid Povarsky and Rav Shmuel Rozovsky. After marrying, the couple moved to Seattle where Rav Tzvi became a principal for 3 years. In 1975, they moved to Skokie.

HaRav Levi Yitzchak Horowitz, zt”l, (5770 / 2009), Bostoner Rebbe of Boston and Yerushalayim.

 

TURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


19 Kislev
19 Kislev

19 Kislev 5533 - December 15, 1772:

Yahrtzeit of Harav Dov Ber, zt"l, the Maggid of Mezeritch (1704?1710-1772), the disciple of, and successor to the founder of Chassidism, Rab Yisroel Baal Shem Tov. Born in Lukatch to Reb Avraham, he was descended from Rav Hai Gaon and Rav Yochanan Hasandler, a descendent of Dovid Hamelech.Rav Dov Ber learned with the Pnei Yehoshua in Lemberg early in his life. In 1752, he became the Baal Shem Tov’s closest disciple. Among his students were the Rebbe Reb Shmuel Shmelke HaLevi Horowitz and his brother, Reb Pinchas HaLevi Horowitz, the Baal HaFlaah, the Rebbe Reb Zushia and his brother, Reb Elimelech of Lizhensk, Rav Levi Yitzchak of Berditchev, Rav Nachum of Chernobyl, Rav Shneur Zalman of Liadi. His son was Rav Avraham HaMalach (1740-1776). The classic anthologies of his teachings are Likutei Amarim, Torah Ohr, and Ohr HaEmmet. Harav Dov Ber led the Chassidic movement from 1761 until his passing on Kislev 19, 1772. He consolidated chassidic teachings into a structured, cohesive movement. Among the ideas he emphasized was the importance of clinging to Hashem in all actions -- business, social and religious. The Maggid also taught of perfecting one's soul in order to bring about the redemption of the world. Today, tens of thousands of chassidim trace their spiritual roots back to the Maggid of Mezeritch.

19 Kislev 5559 - November 27, 1798:

The Baal HaTanya and founder of the Lubavitch dynasty, HaRav Shneur Zalman of Liadi, was released from the St. Petersburg prison, where he had been held for 52(62)? days on charges that his teachings threatened the imperial authority of the Czar. Yud-Tet Kislev is celebrated by Lubavitcher Chabad chasidim as a Yom Tov.

19 Kislev 5700 - December 1, 1939:

Reichfuhrer Heinrich Himmler ordered deportation of Polish Jews.

19 Kislev 5724 - December 5, 1963:

Herbert H. Lehman, the first Jewish Governor of New York, died.

19 Kislev Yahrtzeits

Harav Dov Ber, zt"l, the Maggid of Mezeritch (1704?1710 - 5533 / 1772), See above.

Harav  Shmuel Yehudah Leib, zt”l,, author of Teshuot Chen (5578 / 1817).   

Harav Yitzchak Chai Teib, zt”l, author of Cheilev Chitim and Rav of Tunisia, (5596 / 1835).

HaRav Yeshaya Banet of Calev, zt”l, (5625 / 1864), son of Harav Mordechai Banet of Nikolsburg, the famed Rav and Rosh Yeshiva of Nikolsburg. His father named him after the Shela Hakadosh, Harav Yeshaya Horowitz, to whom they were related. Reb Yeshaya learned under his father. He married the daughter of Harav Elazar Lev, Rav of Santov and mechaber of Shemen Rokeach. Reb Yeshaya was appointed Rav of Calev. In this capacity, he fought all those who wished to do away with authentic Yiddishkeit. A few months before his petira, Reb Yeshaya was chosen to be a member of a delegation to Vienna on behalf of his brethren. Among the other delegates were Harav Yehuda Assad and Harav Menachem Eisenstadt.

Harav  Pinchas HaKohen
Steiner, zt”l, Rav of Eiluk, author of Brisi Shalom, (5673 / 1902).  

Harav Menachem Nachum of Tolna, zt”l. (1869 - 5676 / 1905), (1915)? the son of Rav Mordechai Twersky, the only child of Rav Dovid Twersky to survive childhood. His father died when he was eight years old, and Rav Menachem Nachum became Rebbe of Tolna upon his grandfather's death.

Harav Anaham Aharon Borsteln, zt”l, author of Ner Aharon (5686 / 1915).  

HaRav Chaim Halberstam, Dayan in Satmar and son of HaRav Shalom Eliezer of Ratzfert, zy’a (5702 / 1941)

Harav Nissan Chaim of Brodshin, zt"'l (5703 / 1942).

HaRav Shaul Mekiketz Shelai, born in Djerba, one of the two main cities in Tunisia, son of Rav Matuk Sali, and grandson of Emmanuel Shelai. At an early age, he leaned under Rav Dovid HaKohen, and at age 20, he began to teach in the yeshiva of Rav Yosef Bereibi, the Ben Porat Yosef. With the latter’s passing, Rav Shaul became the Rosh Yeshiva. Rav Shaul edited and annotated many sefarim by previous gedolim of Djerba, including Kisei Rachamim by Rav Rachamim Mazuz and Ben Porat Yosef by Rav Yosef Bereibi. Later in life, he and his wife moved to Eretz Yisrael and settled in Shlomi, near Nahariya. In Israel, he wrote Midrasho shel Shlomo in 1948 and Karmi Sheli (on Kiddushin) and Medrash Avot (on Avot) in 1963, as well as other writings. His final work, Bayit Va’Shem was published posthumously in 1975. Appended to it is Va’Yatek Mi’Sham, offering guidelines and insightsd on raising children.

HaRav Moshe Tzvi Neriyeh, Beit Midrash Lamed Daat (1995).

 


RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


20 Kislev
20 Kislev

20 Kislev 3414 - 348 B.C.E.:

The Navi (prophet) Ezra HaSofer (the Scribe), head of the Sanhedrin and the leader of the Jewish people at the time of the building of the Second Beit HaMikdash, addressed a three-day assemblage in Yerushalayim, urging the people to adhere to the teachings of the Torah and to dissolve their marraiges to non-jews. (The Jewish people were on the verge of complete assimilation at the time, following their 70-year exile in Babylonia). Ezra established many batei din for this purpose. He also urges them to purge the Jewish community of foreign elements and influence. (Ezra 10:9-13) (See 17 Kislev).

20 Kislev - 1095:

First Crusade proclaimed by the Council of Clermont.

20 Kislev 5557 - December 20, 1796:

The first edition of the Tanya was printed.

20 Kislev Yahrtzeits

Harav Meshulam (ben Dov Berish) Feivish, zt"l, Rav of Kremenitz (Kreminch), author of Mishnat Chachamim (5535 / 1774).

Harav Meshulam Feivish HaLevi of Zhbarezh, zt"l, author of the Yosher Divrei Emet, a basic work on chasidic thought, .(5555 / 1794). He studied under Rav Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov and Rav Dov Ber of Mezritch. His teachings appear in Likutim Yekarim. His disciples included Rav Menachem Mendel of Kosov.

Harav Binyamin Zev Wolf of Belta, zt"l, (5586 / 1825).

Harav Dov Beirish of Ushpitzin, zt"l, author of Divrei Tzaddikim, (5598 / 1837).

Harav Baruch Hager of Seret-Viznitz, zt"l, the Imrei Baruch, (5653 / 1892).
The son of Rav Menachem Mendel Hager, Rav Baruch was Rebbe for only eight years, and was niftar at a young age. His son, Rav Yisrael Hager (the Ahavat Yisrael), was born when Rav Baruch was only 15 years old. (2 Kislev according to others)

Harav Prag'i Alush of Jerba, author of Ohev Mishpat (5681 / 1920).

Harav Chaim Moshe Tzvi Twersky of Rachmistrivka, zt"l, (5694 / 1933).

HaRav Yitzchak Hutner, zt"l, (1906-1980), Rosh Yeshiva of Rabbeinu Chaim Berlin, New York, and author of the seven-volume, Pachad Yitzchak, discourses on Shabbat and the Yomim Tovim, influenced largely by the Maharal of Prague.
His uncle, R' Benzion Ostrover, had been a disciple of Rav Mendel of Kotzk, and was instrumental in providing his young nephew with a direct link to the world of Chasidut. At the age of 15, he went to Slobodka under the Alter, Rav Nosson Tzvi Finkel. In 1925, he entered the new Slabodka branch in Chevron, where he also met and learned from Rav A. I. Kook. He remained until 1929, after which he returned to his parents in Warsaw. He became a personal tutor for Rav Moshe Solevetchik's son, Aharon. In 1932, he published his Torat HaNazir, a commentary on the Rambam's Hilchot Nazir. In 1933, he married Masha Lipshitz and moved to Eretz Yisrael. Despite his great attachment to the Land, they left for America one year later, not to return for 30 years. He built Yeshivat Rabbeinu Chaim Berlin to his specifications with his famous blend of Torah philosophies. Among his talmidim were Rav Yitzchak Shurin, grandson of Reb Yaakov Kamenetsky. Two of his talmidim, Rav Shlomo Freifeld and Rav Noach Weinberg, founded the first baal teshuva yeshivas. Among his colleagues at Slobodka were R' Yitzchak HaLevi Ruderman, R' Reuven Grozovsky; R' Yaakov Kamenetsky; and R' Aharon Kotler. In 1949 he began publishing his discourses on morals and ethics which he subtitled, Divrei Torah B'inyanei Hilchot Deot V'Chovot Halevovot. He wrote a profound commentary (Kovetz Heaarot) on Rabbeinu Hillel on the Safra
In 1970, Harav Hutner was on an airplane which was hijacked by Palestinian "Black September" terrorists, and was held hostage on a runway in Amman, Jordan. (After all the hostages were removed, the planes were blown up in front of TV cameras.) He is buried in Yerushalayim.

Harav Tzvi Hirsh Ze'ev Paley, zt"!, Mashgiach of Yeshivat Knesset Yisrael Chevron
(5671 / 1911 - 5656 / 2005).
Born in Shklov, Lithuania, to Rav Avraham Noach Paley, one of the talmidim of the Alter of Slabodka and a close talmid of Rav Baruch Ber Leibovitz. The family immigrated to Eretz Yisrael when Rav Hirsh was fourteen. His father became the mashgiach in Yeshivat Chevron. Rav Hirsh would travel with his lifelong friend Rav Shalom Schwadron to hear Rav Elya Lopian in Yerushalayim, whom he considered his rebbi muvhak and and moreh derech. Rav Hirsh was the last surviving member of the Chevron community following the 5689 / 1929 riots. The Paley family was miraculously spared when an Arab hid them in a cellar under the house of Harav Yechezkel Sarna, zt”l, who was in Yerushalayim at the time. When the murderers came to the house, the Arab told them no one was there, and they moved on. The few survivors of the pogrom moved to Yerushalayim, where they re-established Yeshivat Knesset Yisrael Chevron in the Geulah neighborhood.
In 1965, he married Menuchah, the daughter of Rav Shlomo Zalman Pines. She had been one of the first talmidot of Sara Schenirer and served as a mechanechet in Bais Yaakov Schools for over six decades, both in Tel Aviv and in Yerushalayim. They moved to Tel Aviv, where Rav Hirsh studied in Kollel Heichal HaTalmud, founded by his father. He later became mashgiach at Chevron Yeshiva.
Harav Paley was totally devoted to his students, and his house was open to them at all times. Harav Paley was famed as a ba'al tefilla, and for many years he was the shaliach tzibbur for Shacharit during the Yamim Nora’im. The mashgiach also ran a one-man tzedaka operation. He distributed funds to thousands of families before Pesach, without their ever discovering who had helped them.
Some of his shmuessen have been compiled and published as Nachalat Tzvi.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


21 Kislev
21 Kislev

21 Kislev 3442 - 320 B.C.E.:

A historic meeting occurred between Shimon HaTzaddik and Alexander ('the Great") of Macedonia. The Cuthim (Samarians), bitter enemies of the Jews, had convinced Alexander that the Jews' refusal to place his image in their Beit HaMikdash was a sign of rebellion against his sovereignty, and that the Beit HaMikdash should be destroyed. The Kohen Gadol ("High Priest") at the time was Shimon HaTzaddik, the last of the "Men of the Great Assembly" who rebuilt the Beit HaMikdash and revitalized Judaism under Ezra.
On the 21st of Kislev, Alexander marched on Yerushalayim at the head of his army. Shimon HaTzaddik, garbed in the bigdei kehunah, (vestments of the High Priest), and accompanied by a delegation of Jewish dignitaries, went forth to greet him. The two groups walked towards each other all night; meeting at the crack of dawn.
When Alexander beheld the visage of Shimon HaTzaddik , the Kohen Gadol, he made the rare move of dismounting from his horse and bowing respectfully; to his men he explained that he often had dreams and visions of Shimon HaTzaddik leading him into battle. Shimon HaTzaddik brought the emperor to the Beit HaMikdash and explained to the king how concerned the Jews were for his safety and prosperity. He also explained that Judaism prohibits the display of any graven image; he offered to name all the male children born to priests that year "Alexander" as a demonstration of loyalty to the emperor (which is how "Alexander" became a common Jewish name).The king retreated, and the Cuthim’s (Samarians) plot was rebuffed. The Jews destroyed the Cuthian temple and 21 Kislev was declared a Yom Tov. (Talmud Yoma 69a).
According to an alternative version, this episode occurred on 25 Tevet. Called Yom Har Gerizim (in Megillat Taanit) to celebrate the victory over the Samarians (Shomronim).

21 Kislev 5505 - November 26, 1744:

Austrian forces massacred many Jews in Prague, Hy"d.

21 Kislev 5678 - December 6, 1917:

Finland became independent of Moscow and finally granted Jews civil rights. The original law though passed in 1909 had its implementation delayed by the Russian government.

21 Kislev 5705 - December 7, 1944:

HaRav Yoel Teitelbaum, zt"l, the Divrei Yoel of Satmar, (1887-1979), was rescued from the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, along with 1,368 other Jews, through the efforts of Rudulf Kastner, head of the Zionist rescue operation in Hungary (an earlier transport of 1,686 Jews had been rescued on Av 29). The Satmar kehillah celebrates this day as a Yom Tov.
The 1300+ people rescued were transported out of Bergen-Belsen to safe haven in Switzerland, settled in a camp at Beatenberg where they spent the last few months of the war.

21 Kislev Yahrtzeits

Shimon ben Yaakov Avinu (1566-1446 B.C.E.)[others have it as 24 Kislev)

Harav Binyamin Rappaport, zt”l, Rav of Kalisch (5531 / 1770).

Harav Yaakov Kopel Charif, zt”l, Rav of Verboi (5596 / 1835).

Harav Yaakov Meir Padwa of Brisk, zt"l, author of Mekor Mayim Chayim on Yoreh Deah (5615 / 1854).

HaRav Yaakov Meir (ben Chaim) Padwa, Av Bet Din of Brisk from 1840 until his petirah, author of Mekor Mayim Chaim, a commentary on Shulchan Aruch. (1797-1855).

Harav Naftali of Tcherkas, zt”l, (5624 / 1863).

Harav Yosef Pressburger, zt"l, author of Tiferet Yosef, Rav of Mattersdorf (5684 / 1923).

Harav Moshe Shmuel Brisk of Budapest, zt"l, (5701 / 1940)

Rav Yochanan Perlow, the seventh Rebbe of the Stolin-Karlin dynasty (1900-1956). Born in Stolin, a suburb of Pinsk, White Russia, to Rav Yisrael, the “Yanuka” of Stolin. After his father was niftar in 1921, his six sons split the succession: Rav Moshe became rebbe in Stolin; Rav Avraham Elimelech took over in Karlin; Rav Yaakov moved to the U.S. in 1923 to lead the Karlin community that already had four shuls in New York and one shtiebel in Detroit. He became known as the Detroiter Rebbe. Rav Yochanan moved to Poland where he became a rebbe in Lutsk, capital of the Volhynia district. Among the 41,000 people in Lutsk were 18,000 Jews. After the Nazis entered Lutsk on June 25, 1941, they herded the Jews into a ghetto in December, and the following August, they dragged 17,500 of them outside the town and murderously gunned them down. The last survivors, Jewish workers in the local labor camp, mounted a heroic but hopeless revolt on December 11, after learning that they, too, were about to be liquidated. Only about 150 Lutsk Jews survived the war. Rav Yochanan, his wife and two daughters fled into the surrounding forests and made their way deep into Russia with groups of partisans. After being deported to Siberia and personally burying his wife and elder daughter there on the same day, Rav Yochanan somehow survived the war. He lost almost his entire family; only one daughter, Faige, survived. He moved to Haifa in 1946, then to America two years later. While in New York, he founded the Karlin-Stolin Torah Institutions and published the new Siddur Beit Aharon v’Yisrael, comprising Karlin-Stolin minhagim. Rav Yochanan’s grandson, Rav Baruch Yaakov Meir Shochet, became the next Stolin-Karlin Rebbe. He composed the poem “Kah Echsof Noam Shabbat” that is printed in most editions of Shabbat Zemirot.

Harav Tzvi Pesach Frank, zt"l, Rav of Yerushalayim and author of Har Tzvi (1873 - 5721 / 1960). Born in Lithuania, he was a student  of Rav Eliezer Gordon, Rav Shmuel Salant, and Rav Moshe Yehoshua Bezhilianski (the Tepliker Rav). His main work is a set of responsa known as Har Tzvi. He also authored Mikraei Kodesh. He was the father-in-law of Rav Menachem Ben-Tzion Sacks, the Menachem Tzion, and also the father-in-law of Rav Shmuel Rozovsky, Rosh Yeshiva of Ponovezh.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


22 Kislev
22 Kislev

22 Kislev - 1265:

Avraham the Ger, born in Bavaria, was burned at the stake in Zeintzach, Germany for converting to Judaism, Hy"d.

22 Kislev 5118 - 1357:

Charles IV issued letters of protection for the Jews of Strasbourg. Two years later, mobs burned 1000 Jews, Hy"d, and forced many others to convert, R"l.

22 Kislev - 1489:

Abudraham's Siddur first published in Lisbon.

22 Kislev 5383 - November 25, 1622:

In an effort to attract enterprising merchants with disposable capital, King Christian IV of Denmark wrote a formal letter to the Amsterdam Jewish council, inviting Jews of Portuguese descent to settle in Norway. King Christian promised religious freedom for the Jews -- an attractive safe haven as the Thirty Year War raged in central Europe.

22 Kislev 5702 - December 12, 1941:

A house to house search for Jews was conducted by the German occupation army in Paris. The purpose of the search was to arrest the Jewish intellectuals, celebrities and politicians. 1,000 Jews, including the brother of a Senator, the brother of the former Prime Minister and Jean Bernard, the son of writer Tristan Bernard, were imprisoned.

22 Kislev 5702 - December 12, 1941:

Hundreds of Jews were executed by the municipal police for running food to starving people in the ghetto of Chmielnik, Poland, Hy"d.

22 Kislev 5713 - December 10, 1952:

The people of Israel elected their second President - Yitzchak Ben-Zvi.

22 Kislev Yahrtzeits

Harav Eliezer (or Elazar)Ashkenazi, zt"l, author of Maasei Hashem, (1512 - 5346 / 1585). Born in Turkey, he studied with Rav Yosef Taitatzak (1465-1546) in Salonica. He served as a Rav in Egypt from 1538 to 1561. For unknown reasons, he was compelled to leaved, serving in Famagusta, Cyprus, then to Venice, Italy. Due to a disagreement with Rav Shmuel Yehudah Katzenellengogen, he moved to Prague, where he helped develop the chevra kadisha, on which others are based. After a year, he moved back to Italy and lived in Cremona. In 1578, he moved to Posen, Poland and took his final post. He retired to Cracow, where he lived his last few years.

Harav Meshulem Mirels, zt"l, father-in-law of the Chacham Tzvi (5447 / 1686).

Harav Pinchas of Ostroha, Ukraine, zt"l, (5566 / 1805). Son of Harav Yaakov Yosef, better known as Harav Yeivai of Ostroha, an acronym of Yaakov Yosef ben Yehudah. Harav Yeivai was a talmid of the Mezritcher Maggid, and close with other talmidim of the Baal Shem Tov. He served as Maggid in Ostroha after the petira of his father, Harav Yehudah Leib. Reb Pinchas was best known for his ascetic life and his tzidkut. All his life, he secluded himself in the attic of the shul, doing his avodat Hashem. In Ostroha, Reb Pinchas was known to merit seeing Eliyahu Hanavi from a young age. Following the petira of his father on 20 Tishrei, 5551 / 1790, Reb Pinchas became Rebbe in Ostroha. His sons were Harav Yaakov Yosef (the second) of Ostroha and Harav Moshe, founder of the Ohrzshishtcheb dynasty. He also had a son-in-law, Harav Pinchas of Ostroha, the grandfather of Harav Pinchas of Ostillah.

. Harav Yoel Ashkenazi of Zlotchov, zt"l, (5667 / 1906), brother-in-law of Rav Yosef Yoel Deutsch of Kretchinef, Hungary, author of Yad Yosef (1859).

Harav Yechezkel Panet (Paneth), Av Bait Din of De'esh (Dezh; Dezhe), zt"l, Chief Rabbi of Transylvania and author of Mar'eh Yechezkel and Kenesset Yechezkel. (5690 / 1929).

Harav Shabsai Yudlevitz, zt"l, maggid in Yerushalayim, (1924 - 5757 / 1996). (others 23 Kislev).

Harav Chaim Kesar (Chassar), zt"l, zekan Rabbanei Teiman (the Yemenite community in Israel), (5758 / 1997).

HaRav Shalom Mordechai Schwadron, zt"l, Maggid of Yerushalayim (1913 - 5758 / 1997), brother-in-law of Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach. He was named for his grandfather, the Maharsham, the leading posek in Galicia before World War I. He lost his father at age seven, and for a time lived in an orphanage. After his bar mitzvah he studied in the Lomzer Yeshiva in Petach Tikvah, and later in the Chevron Yeshiva in Yerushalayim under Rav Yehuda Leib Chasman. After his marriage, he continued his studies in Kollel Ohel Torah. The kollel's members included Rav Yosef Shalom
Elyashiv and Rav Shmuel Wosner. In addition to his renown as a maggid, he published approximately 25 of his grandfather's works, as well as Lev Eliyahu (of Rav Elya Lopian), and the writings of Rav Chasman, Ohr Yohel.

HaRav Yosef Chaim Klein, zt"l, (1922-2004). Born in New York, he learned at Torah Vodaat. His rebbe muvhack was Rav Shlomo Heiman. He subsequently learned under Rav Reuven Grozovsky at Beit Midrash Elyon in Monsey. His last 40 years were spent as menahel of the mesivta of the Mirrer Yeshiva in Brooklyn.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

23 Kislev
23 Kislev

23 Kislev 5109 - November 15, 1348:

As the “Black Death” plague decimated Europe, (25 million dead) Christians accused the Jews of causing the plague by poisoning the wells in an effort to wipe out the Gentile population. On the 23rd of Kislev 5109 (Nov. 15, 1348), Rudolph of Oron, bailiff of Lausanne, Switzerland, sent a letter to the mayor of Strasburg informing him that certain Jews of Lausanne had “confessed” under torture that they together with their coreligionists had poisoned all the wells in the Rhine valley, as part of an international Jewish conspiracy. (He was later proven to have lied). The report was readily accepted by nobles who resented the Jews as economic competitors and to whom they were indebted for loans. This resulted in the masses persecuting and killing tens of thousands of Jews throughout Europe over the following years. Hy"d.

23 Kislev 5110 - December 5, 1349:

Five hundred Jews were killed in Nuremberg, Germany during the Black Death Persecutions. Some Jews were tortured before being killed while others were burned at the stake, Hy"d.

23 Kislev 5465 - December 20, 1704:

Death of Johann Andreas Eisenmenger, the most dangerous libeler of the Talmud. He wrote a two-volume, two thousand page book on the “wickedness of the Talmud” entitled “Endecktes Judenthum” (Unveiled Judaism). While negotiations were going on between the Jews of Frankfurt-on-Maine, Eisenmenger, and the banker involved with the publication, Eisenmenger suddenly died of apoplexy.

23 Kislev 5505 - November 28, 1744:

Frederick the Great took Prague in the Wars of Succession and the populace ransacked the ghetto.

23 Kislev 5539 - December 12, 1778:

The “Jewish Free School” was established by Isaac Daniel Itzig and his brother in law, David Friedlander in Germany, a milestone in the spread of Haskalah.

23 Kislev 5720 - December 24, 1959:

The desecration of a new shul in Cologne, Germany sparked a wave of anti-Jewish incidents throughout Western Europe, the Americas, Australia, and Africa.

23 Kislev 5763 - November 28, 2002:

In twin attacks in Kenya, three suicide bombers killed 14 people at an Israeli-owned hotel, while at least two missiles were fired at (but missed) an Israeli airline taking off from Mombassa airport.

23 Kislev Yahrtzeits

HaRav Avraham Oppenheim, zt”l, (5453 / 1692).

HaRav Mordechai Heilpren of Ostraha, zt”l, (5516 / 1755).

HaRav Dovid Teveli Shiff, zt"l, (1791), the son of Rav Shlomo Zalman HaKohen Shiff. Rav Dovid was the Chief rabbi of the United Kingdom and the Rav of the Great Synagogue of London from 1765 until his petira. He also was head of the Beit Midrash in Worms, and later dayan in Frankfurt. His son, Moshe Schiff, published his teshuvot and drashot under the title Lashon Zahav.

HaRav Avraham of Oleinov, zt”l, (5575 / 1814).

HaRav Dovid of Novhardok, zt"l, author of Galya Masechet, (1837).

Harav Dovid Twersky of Yass, zt”l, (5698 / 1937). Reb Dovid was the son of Harav Mordechai Zusya of Hotzalas, a descendant of the Chernobyl dynasty. Reb Dovid married the daughter of his uncle Harav Yisrael Shalom Yosef Friedman of Bohush (Reb Mordechai Zusya was a son-in-law of Harav Yitzchak of Bohush). After his marriage, Reb Dovid settled in Bohush near his father-in-law. There he founded a yeshiva in 5668/1908, appointing as Roshei Yeshiva Harav Shimshon Aharon Derbaremdiger and Harav Yoel Zimmerman. He appointed his sons-in-law, Harav Menachem Mendel Friedman, son of Harav Dovid of Bohush, and Reb Dovid as the hanhala of the yeshiva. This was the only functioning yeshiva in Romania proper. Following the petira of his father-in-law on 23 Nissan 5683 / 1923, his two sons-in-law were appointed Rebbes in his place. From Bohush, Reb Dovid moved to Yass. He was revered for his exemplary middot, and his home was open to all at all times of day and night.

HaRav Elimelech of Tosh (now Nytass), Hungary, zt"l. Son of the founder of the Tosher dynasty, Rav Meshulem Feish Lowy, (1865 - 5703 / 1942).(Others 1946).

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


24 Kislev
24 Kislev

Chanukah begins tonight; kindle one light this evening.


24 Kislev 3409 - 358 B.C.E.:

The cornerstone for the Second Beit HaMikdash was laid.
In the first year of the rule of Cyrus, the King of Persia, Jews were given permission to return to Eretz Yisroel, and rebuild the Beit HaMikdash. A group of Jews led by Zerubavel set out for Yerushalayim and began working on the second Beit HaMikdash. However, the Cutheans falsely accused the Jews of plotting a rebellion against King Cyrus and were successful in halting the construction of the Beit HaMikdash for the remainder of his reign and throughout the reign of Ahasuerus, his successor. Construction resumed in the second year of the reign of Darius, Ahasuerus's son, on the 24th of Kislev.

24 Kislev 3413 - 354 B.C.E.:

Chaggai prophesied the downfall of Persia and the salvation of the Jews.
In 354 BCE, the prophet Chaggai encouraged the Jews to rebuild the Beit HaMikdash -- a construction project which had begun 18 years earlier, but was halted due to political pressure. The Beit HaMikdash would stand for 420 years, before being destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE. On this same day, Chaggai prophesied the downfall of the great Persian empire, which would ultimately lead to the salvation of the Jews. This is recorded in the Book of Chaggai, chapter 2.

24 Kislev 5628 - December 21, 1867:

Austrian constitution (Ausgleich) abolished discrimination based on religious differences. It included the right to hold office, freedom of occupation, settlement and religion.

24 Kislev 5678 - December 9, 1917:

The British captured Yerushalayim from the Ottoman Turkish Empire.

24 Kislev 5701 - December 24, 1940:

The sinking of the Patria in Haifa. The Patria was a French ship which carried 1,771 illegal immigrants. The Hagana tried to prevent the British from deporting those aboard to Mauritius, but the explosive charge destroyed the ship and it sank, drowning 257 people.

24 Kislev 5731 - December 22, 1970:

The commander of Treblinka, Franz Stangl, was sentenced to life in prison. More than 400,000 Jews were murdered in just 15 months, in Treblinka, Hy"d.

24 Kislev Yahrtzeits   

Harav Avraham Abulafia, zt”l, (5059 / 1298). Rav Avraham was born in Saragossa, Spain, in 5000 / 1240. The family moved to Tudela in Navarre, Spain, where his father, Harav Shmuel, was his teacher. When Reb Avraham was 18 years old his father was niftar, and two years later he began a life of ceaseless wandering.
His first journey was to Eretz Yisrael, where he intended to search for the legendary river Sambatyon and the 10 lost Shevatim. He got no further than Acco, however, because of the desolation, chaos and lawlessness in Eretz Yisrael following the last of the Crusades and the Battle of Ain Jalut between the Egyptian Mamelukes and the Mongols. On his way home he stopped in Greece, where he got married. Later he spent time in Capua, Italy, studying philosophy, particularly the Rambam’s Moreh Nevuchim, under the well-known philosopher and physician Harav Hillel of Verona. Dissatisfied with this branch of learning, he turned instead to Kabbala.
Returning to Spain in 5031 / 1271, he settled in Barcelona and applied himself to Sefer Yetzirah and its commentaries, especially that of Harav Elazar of Worms, whose kabbalistic doctrine he accepted.
The alef-beit, numerals and vowel-points became symbols of existence to him. Their combinations and permutations elevated his degree of perception and his ability to explore the riddles of the mind and the problems and purpose of human life. His most important talmid, the one who carried on his style, was the mekubal Harav Yosef Gikatilla. Harav Avraham soon left Spain again, and in 5039 / 1279 he wrote the first of his sefarim, Sefer HaYashar, in Patras, Greece.
In 5040 / 1280, he went to Rome to meet Pope Nicholas III. The pope, then in Suriano, issued orders to burn the fanatic as soon as he reached town. The very night Harav Avraham arrived in Suriano, Erev Rosh Hashana 5041, the pope suddenly died. Returning to Rome, Harav Avraham was thrown into prison by the Minorites, but was released after four weeks.
He was next heard from in Sicily, where he appeared as a navi. The local Jewish kehilla in Palermo queried Rashba (Rabbeinu Shlomo ben Aderet), who subsequently wrote a letter against Harav Avraham. He had to pick up his wanderer’s staff again, and compiled Sefer HaOt on the little island of Comino, near Malta, in 5045–48 / 1285–88, under distressing conditions.
Rashba’s condemnation compelled Harav Avraham to seek a new base. He went to Greece, where he wrote V’Zot L’Yehuda and Sheva Netivot HaTorah, defending himself against the Rashba’s attacks; he claimed that Rashba did not know him personally, but judged him from hearsay. Indeed, in a later generation, Harav Chaim Vital cites him extensively in his Shaarei Kedusha.
Harav Avraham authored a total of 26 sefarim, plus 22 works containing descriptions of his visions. His sefarim include Sefer HaYashar, Sefer HaOt, Chayei Olam HaBa, Ohr HaSechel, Gematria HaSheimot, Gan Na’ul, acommentary on Sefer Yetzirah, Otzar Eden Ganuz, another commentary on Sefer Yetzira, and Sefer HaCheshek. His last known work, Imrei Shefer, a commentary on Bereishit, was written in 5051 / 1291. He was niftar in Comino, a Maltese archipelago, at the age of 58.

  HaRav Zecharyah Nachman of Podheitz, zt”l (5555 / 1794).

HaRav Mordechai Zalman of Zhitomir, zt”l, (5626 / 1865).

HaRav Moshe of Dezh, zt”l, (5663 / 1902).

> HaRav Chaim Chizkiyahu Medini, zt"l, the Sdei Chemed (1832 - 5665 / 1904). Rav Chaim was born in Yerushalayim and was married at 18. After his father was niftar two years later, Rav Chaim's cousins in Constantinople offered to support his learning if he moved there. After 13 years in Turkey, he took a position of Rav in the small city of Karasubazar in Crimea. He served there for 33 years, fighting the forces of the Kariites, before moving  back to Yerushalayim. He lived there for 2 years, then moved to Chevron, where he was appointed Rav of the city in 1880. His Sdei Chemed is a monumental, universally-acclaimed 18-volume Talmudic and halachic encyclopedia.

Harav Yosef Nosson of Velbrom, zt”l, (5675 / 1914).

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25 Kislev
25 Kislev - First day of Chanuka

25 Kislev - 3631 B.C.E.:

Cain killed his younger brother, Hevel (Abel). The first murder of history occurred on the 25th of Kislev in the year 41 from creation, as recounted in the 4th chapter of Bereishit / Genesis.

25 Kislev 2450 - 1312 B.C.E.:

Preparation of the Mishkan completed in the desert.

The vessels, tapestries, wall sections and other components of the Mishkan (the portable sanctuary or "Tabernacle" built under Moshe Rabbeinu's direction to house the Shechina / Divine Presence during the Israelites' journeys through the desert) were completed on the 25th of Kislev in the year 2450 from creation (1312 BCE). The Mishkan was not assembled, however, until 3 months later, when, beginning on 25 Adar of that year, it was erected and taken down daily for a 7-day "training" period prior to its dedication on the 1st of Nissan. Our Sages tell us that the day of 25 Kislev was “compensated” 12 centuries later, when the Maccabees rededicated the Beit HaMikdash on 25 Kislev 3622 (140 BCE -- see below).

25 Kislev 3622 - 140 B.C.E.:

Chanuka from 140 B.C.E. and on
In 140 BCE, the Maccabees defeated the vastly more numerous and powerful armies of the Syrian-Greek king Antiochus IV, who had tried to forcefully uproot the beliefs and practices of Yiddishkeit / Judaism from Klal Yisroel / the people of Israel. The victorious Jews repaired, cleansed and rededicated the Beit HaMikdash in Yerushalayim to the service of Hashem. All the Beit HaMikdash's oil had been defiled by the pagan invaders; and when the Jews sought to light the Beit HaMikdash's Menorah (candelabra), they found only one small cruse of ritually pure olive oil. They lit the Menorah with the one-day supply, which miraculously, burned for eight days, until new, pure oil could be obtained.
Also on this day -- 1,100 years earlier -- Moshe Rabbeinu and the Jewish people completed construction of the Mishkan, the portable sanctuary that accompanied them during 40 years of wandering in the desert. The Mishkan was not dedicated, however, for another three months; Our Sages tell us that the day of 25 Kislev was then "compensated" 12 centuries later -- when the miracle of Chanukah occurred and the Beit HaMikdash was rededicated.
In commemoration, the Sages instituted the 8-day festival of Chanukah, on which lights are kindled nightly by Jews around the world to recall and publicize the miracle of the oil, and its message that continues to illuminate our lives today.

25 Kislev 4856 - November 26, 1095:

Proclamation of the first Crusade.

25 Kislev 5623 - December 17, 1862:

General Ulysses S. Grant, in issuing his infamous Order 11, ordered all "Jews as a class" expelled from Tennessee during the Civil War. In New York City, 7000 Jews marched in protest against his decision. President Lincoln rescinded his order.

25 Kislev 5643 - December 6, 1882:

Founding of the city Zichron Yaakov.

25 Kislev 5667 - December 12, 1906:

President Roosevelt nominated Oscar Strauss to be Secretary of Commerce and Labor. Strauss thus became the first Jewish cabinet member. (He served from 12/17/1906 to 3/5/1909).

25 Kislev 5729 - December 16, 1968:

The order of the expulsion of the Jews of Spain (associated with Tish'a B'Av 1492) was officially voided on the first day of Chanuka.

25 Kislev Yahrtzeits  

HaRav Shlomo Zalman of Vilna, zt”l, father of the Gra, the Gaon of Vilna, (5519 / 1758). Harav Shlomo Zalman Kremer was born c. 5455 / 1695 in Vilna, Lithuania, the son of Harav Yissachar Ber. On his father’s side he was a descendant of Harav Eliyahu Chassid, the son of Harav Moshe Kremer, Rav of Vilna; on his mother’s side, of the Be’er HaGolah, Harav Moshe Ravkash. Reb Shlomo Zalman, a talmid chacham, was renowned for his piety. He married Treina, the daughter of Harav Meir, who was the son of Harav Benyamin Wolf of Seltz (near Grodno), Byelorussia. Reb Shlomo Zalman dedicated his life to learning Torah. He was supported from the earnings of the estates of his maternal grandfather, the Be’er HaGolah, who appreciated his talents and goals, and allocated him this part of the inheritance. On the first day of Pesach, 5480 / 1720, the home of Reb Shlomo Zalman was filled with simcha; a baby boy was born. This boy, named Eliyahu, went on to become one of the foremost leaders of Jewry of all time who enlightens Klal Yisrael to this very day — the Gaon of Vilna. Reb Shlomo Zalman was active in klal work in Vilna, and was a community leader. In his humility he asked that no elaborate titles be written on his matzeiva.

HaRav Uziel Meisels, zt”l, (5546 / 1785), author of Menora HaTehora.

HaRav Avraham, zt"l, son of the Vilna Gaon (1808).

HaRav Baruch Yitteles, zt”l, (5574 / 1813), author of Taam Hamelech.

HaRav Avraham Shalom Mizrachi Sharabi, zt”l, (5587 / 1826), author of Divrei Shalom.

HaRav Yaakov Ettlinger, zt"l, (1798 - 5632 / 1871), son of Rav Aharon, rosh yeshiva of the local mesivta in Karlsruhe, Germany and grandson of the Shaagat Aryeh. In 1823, he was appointed Rosh Yeshiva of the Beit Midrash in Mannheim, and 12 years later he became Rav and Rosh Yeshiva of Altona. He authored many sefarim, including Aruch LeNer, Binyan Tzion, and Bikurei Yaakov. He gave smicha to Rav Shimshon Raphael Hirsch after the latter learned with him for barely a year.

HaRav Meshulam Zusya of Nadvorna-Tzfat, zt”l, (5650 / 1889).


HaRav Raphael Avraham Sharabi, zt"l, (1875-1927). Son of Rav Shalom Mizrachi Sharabi, he was active in helping the victims of the Damascus blood libel. He authored Divrei Shalom.

HaRav Chaim of Antineya, zt"l, the Tal Chaim (5692 / 1931)
.

HaRav Yochanan Twersky, the Tolna Rebbe, zt"l, (1906 - 5749 / 1988). He was the son of Reb Dovid Mordechai in Tultchin, where his grandfather, Rav Menachem Nachum was Rav. The latter had moved there from Tolna a year earlier.

HaRav Avraham Mordechai Nissim Harari Raful, zt"l, (5752 / 1991), Zkan Rabbanei Sefard .

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 Kislev
26 Kislev - Second day of Chanuka.

Chanuka from 140 B.C.E. and on
In 140 BCE, the Maccabees defeated the vastly more numerous and powerful armies of the Syrian-Greek king Antiochus IV, who had tried to forcefully uproot the beliefs and practices of Yiddishkeit / Judaism from Klal Yisroel / the people of Israel. The victorious Jews repaired, cleansed and rededicated the Beit HaMikdash in Yerushalayim to the service of Hashem. All the Beit HaMikdash's oil had been defiled by the pagan invaders; and when the Jews sought to light the Beit HaMikdash's Menorah (candelabra), they found only one small cruse of ritually pure olive oil. They lit the Menorah with the one-day supply, which miraculously, burned for eight days, until new, pure oil could be obtained.
Also on this day -- 1,100 years earlier -- Moshe Rabbeinu and the Jewish people completed construction of the Mishkan, the portable sanctuary that accompanied them during 40 years of wandering in the desert. The Mishkan was not dedicated, however, for another three months; Our Sages tell us that the day of 25 Kislev was then "compensated" 12 centuries later -- when the miracle of Chanukah occurred and the Beit HaMikdash was rededicated.
In commemoration, the Sages instituted the 8-day festival of Chanukah, on which lights are kindled nightly by Jews around the world to recall and publicize the miracle of the oil, and its message that continues to illuminate our lives today.


26 Kislev 4856 -
November 27, 1095:

The First Crusade was proclaimed. As they trekked thru Europe on their way to Eretz Yisrael, the Crusaders killed tens of thousands of Jews, Hy"d.

26 Kislev 5499 - December 8, 1738:

Jews are expelled from Breslau, Silesia.

26 Kislev 5524 - December 2, 1763:

The cornerstone for the 'Touro Synagogue', Congregation Yeshuat Yisrael -- in Newport, Rhode Island, was laid on this day. The synagogue is the oldest American synagogue still standing in its original structure. It was founded by Spanish Portuguese families who came from Curacao, in the West Indies. The magnificent synagogue is built of brick imported from England, and stands at an acute angle to the street -- so that the Holy Ark faces toward Yerushalayim / Jerusalem. It is named after Isaac Touro, its first officiating rabbi, who also left money in his will for the ongoing care of the synagogue.
George Washington had issued a famous letter to the congregation promising religious freedom, and in 1982 the United States Postal Service issued a stamp featuring Touro Synagogue, to coincide with the 250th anniversary of Washington's birth. For more information, click here.

26 Kislev 5628 - December 23, 1867:

Emancipation of the Jews of Hungary.

26 Kislev 5678 - December 11, 1917:

General Allenby, head of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (of the British army) entered Yerushalayim, forcing the Turks to retreat.

26 Kislev 5680 - December 18, 1919:

The SS Ruslam reaches Jaffa with 671 people aboard, marking the period of what is known as the "Third Aliya," which lasted four years, bringing 35,000 immigrants.

26 Kislev 5697 - December 10, 1936:

The first of the Tower and Stockade settlements (Tel Amel) Nir David is erected.

26 Kislev 5712 - December 25, 1951:

Libya proclaims independence, forcing most of the Jewish community to flee.
The last Jew in Libya, Esmeralda Meghnagi, died in February of 2002.


26 Kislev Yahrtzeits           
 
HaRav Avraham ben Dovid, known as the Ravad (III), zt”l, also known as the Baal Hasagot on the Rambam, (1121- 4959 / 1198). The 3rd of three great Jews named Avraham ben Dovid who lived in the same era, this Rav Avraham was born in Provence in the small village of Puskeiras (Posquières) to a wealthy and prominent man who was close to Prince Roger. At the age of 12 he went to Lunel to study with Rav Meshulem ben Moshe, author of Hashlama on the Rif. He married the daughter of Rav Avraham ben Yitzchak, Av Beit Din (known as Raavad II), the author of Ha'Eshkol. He then learned in the yeshiva of Narbonne, headed by Rav Yosef ben Marven Halevi. The Ravad's brief critical notes to the Mishneh Torah are known for their abrasive quality. He objected to the Rambam's methodology of presenting normative rulings without indication of their sources of rationales. In his later years, he learned kabala, and his two sons, Rav Dovid and Rav Yitzchak Sagi Nahor, were among Provence's first kabalists. Among the Ravad III's greatest students were Rav Yitzchak Hacohen of Narbonne (the first commentator of the Yerushalmi), Rav Avraham ben Natan HaYarchi (author of HaManhig), Rav Meir Ben Yitzchak (author of HaEzer), and Rav Asher ben Meshulem of Lunel. (Others have the date as 4958 / 1197).
 
HaRav Shlomo Zalman ben Rav Yaakov David Halevi Spitzer of Vienna, zt”l, (5581 / 1721 - 5654 / 1893), son in law of the Chatam Sofer. Author of Tikkun Shlomo and Simlat Binyamin on the Shev Shmatsa.

HaRav Elazar Hopstein of Kozhnitz [Kozienice] , zt”l, (5624 / 1863). He was the son of Harav Moshe Elyakim Beriya and his second Rebbetzin, Sheina Perel. His paternal grandfather was the Maggid Harav Yisrael of Kozhnitz (the Avodat Yisrael), and his maternal grandfather was Harav Elazar (son of Harav Elimelech of Lizhensk), after whom he was named. He married the daughter of Harav Yaakov of Melitz, son of Harav Naftali of Ropshitz, who supported him. When Harav Naftali was niftar in 5587 / 1827, Harav Elazar returned to his father in Kozhnitz; unfortunately, a year later his father was niftar.
Kozhnitz chassidim asked his cousin Harav Chaim Meir Yechiel, the Saraf of Moglinitza, to lead them. But Reb Elazar chose Reb Yeshayah of Pshedburz as his Rebbe, at the behest of his father, according to tradition, who came to him in a dream.
When Reb Elazar arrived in Pshedburz, the tzaddik was waiting to greet him dressed in Shabbat attire. Joyfully, Reb Yeshayah said, “Let me tell you why you were sent to me. The way of the world is that when people plant trees, they support the tender saplings by tying them to sticks until the trees grow strong enough to stand on their own. Then people take the sticks away.”
He was a chassid of Harav Yeshayah for four years, until Harav Yeshayah’s petirah in 5592, after which Reb Elazar considered the Saraf of Moglinitza his Rebbe. Only after the Saraf was niftar did Reb Elazar lead Kozhnitz Chassidut.
This he did with the Saraf’s blessing. On the last Shabbat of the Saraf’s life, he was serving as baal korei and honored Reb Elazar with the third aliyah. The parashah was Miketz, and one of the pesukim of the third aliyah is Pharaoh’s statement to Yosef, “You shall be over my house, and at your word shall all of my people be provided for.” His eyes streaming with tears, the Saraf read this verse three times, loudly and directly to Reb Elazar, before continuing with the kriah. When the Saraf was niftar later that week, the chassidim knew just whom he had chosen to succeed him.
Harav Elazar was physically weak, but this did not deter him from traveling to visit his chassidim. Once when his wife tried to hold him back, he said, “What can I do? If I have the merit that Yidden who look at me gain benefit from it, how can I withhold this benefit from them? I must go!”
His ahavat Yisrael was profound, and he always found good in all. He was famous for promoting shalom and achdut in Klal Yisrael.
Thirty-two years after his petirah, Likutei Mahara was published from notes of his divrei Torah
. One of his disciples was Rav Aryeh Yehuda Leib HaLevi Epstein (1837-1914), "Rebbe Leibush the Second," author of Birkat Tov.

HaRav Shlomo Zalman Spitzer of Vienna, zt”l, (5654 / 1893).

HaRav Yosef of Koidinov, zt”l, (5674 / 1913).
 
HaRav Meshulam Roth (1875-1962). Born in Gorodenka, Galicia (now in Ukraine), his teachers in Talmud and halachah were Rav Yaakov Weidenfeld (rabbi of Grimaylov and father of the Tschebiner Rav, Dov Berish Weidenfeld), Rav Avraham Mendel Steinberg (rabbi of Brody) and Rav Meir Arik (rabbi of Bucach, and perhaps the leading Galician sage of the period). For a time, Rav Roth also studied with Rav Yehuda Modern of Sighet, from whom he gained a strong attachment to the works of the Chatam Sofer. After his marriage, he was elected rabbi of Chorostkiv (Ukraine). Rav Roth was eventually elected rabbi of Shatz (Suceava, Romania) and later Czernowitz (Tchernovitz), Ukraine, where he witnessed the community's destruction during the Holocaust. In 1944, Rav Roth managed to escape to Eretz Yisrael. [16 Kislev, according to others.]
 
HaRav Yehoshua Zelig (ben Shimon Moshe) Diskin,  zt”l, Rav of Pardes Chana (1896-5731 / 1970). Born in Chislavichi, he wrote the preface to his father's sefer, Midrash Shimoni, entitled Toldot Ha-Mechaber. His son, named for his father, Rav Shimon Diskin (1932-1999), was born in the town of Periaslov in the Kiev region of the Ukraine where Rav Yehoshua Zelig was Rav. He became one of the Roshei Yeshivot of Kol Torah. The Diskin family is descendant from the Maharal MiPrague and the Chavot Ya'ir.
 
HaRav Dovid Hersh Mayer, zt”l, Rosh Yeshiva, Beit Binyamin, Stamford (CT) (1947-2002). Son of Rav Yitzchak Zev Mayer (Nitra, Czechoslovakia), author of Maharsha Ha'aruch, a close friend of Rav Michoel Ber Weissmandl. His mother, Leah, was the main character in the famous story of the woman who demanded a knife for her newborn son as she was being taken away to a concentration camp; she then circumcised her 8-day child. The child was Rav Dovid Hersh's older brother, Menashe. The family survived and moved to America. Rav Dovid Hersh learned at the Nitra yeshiva in Mount Kisco, NY, then at Lakewood. He was close to Rav Shneur Kotler and Rav Nosson Wachtfogel and was instrumental in the founding of the Los Angeles Kollel. He founded Beit Binyamin in 1977.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27 Kislev
27 Kislev - Third day of Chanuka.

Chanuka from 140 B.C.E. and on
In 140 BCE, the Maccabees defeated the vastly more numerous and powerful armies of the Syrian-Greek king Antiochus IV, who had tried to forcefully uproot the beliefs and practices of Yiddishkeit / Judaism from Klal Yisroel / the people of Israel. The victorious Jews repaired, cleansed and rededicated the Beit HaMikdash in Yerushalayim to the service of Hashem. All the Beit HaMikdash's oil had been defiled by the pagan invaders; and when the Jews sought to light the Beit HaMikdash's Menorah (candelabra), they found only one small cruse of ritually pure olive oil. They lit the Menorah with the one-day supply, which miraculously, burned for eight days, until new, pure oil could be obtained.
Also on this day -- 1,100 years earlier -- Moshe Rabbeinu and the Jewish people completed construction of the Mishkan, the portable sanctuary that accompanied them during 40 years of wandering in the desert. The Mishkan was not dedicated, however, for another three months; Our Sages tell us that the day of 25 Kislev was then "compensated" 12 centuries later -- when the miracle of Chanukah occurred and the Beit HaMikdash was rededicated.
In commemoration, the Sages instituted the 8-day festival of Chanukah, on which lights are kindled nightly by Jews around the world to recall and publicize the miracle of the oil, and its message that continues to illuminate our lives today.

27 Kislev 1657 - 2105 B.C.E.:

The forty days and nights of rainfall that covered the face of earth with water during the Mabul / Flood in Noach's time ended on this date. (According to Rav Eliezer). The flood itself lasted a full year, as related in Bereishit / Genesis 6-8). According to others - 29 Kislev).

27 Kislev - December 12, 1479:

The Jews were expelled from Schlettstadt, Alsace by Fredrick III.

27 Kislev 5552 - December 23, 1791:

Catherine II created the Pale of Settlement. Jews were squeezed out of the major cities and ports into the area known as White Russia.

27 Kislev 5727 - December 10, 1966:

Israeli writer, Shmuel Yosef (Shay) Agnon (1888-1970), was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Agnon's writings deal with the conflict between traditional Jewish life and language, and the modern world. Agnon, a religious Jew, also attempted to capture the fading traditions of the European shtetl (village). Agnon was born in Ukraine, the son of an ordained rabbi. At age 20 he moved to Eretz Yisroel. In his speech at the Nobel Prize ceremony, Agnon spoke in Hebrew: "As a result of the historic catastrophe in which Titus of Rome destroyed Yerushalayim and Israel was exiled from its land, I was born in one of the cities of the exile. But always I regarded myself as one who was born in Yerushalayim." Today, Agnon's image is featured on the Israeli 50-shekel bills.

27 Kislev Yahrtzeits

HaRav Chizkiyahu Da Silva, zt"l, (1659- 5459 / 1698), commonly known as the Pri Chadash, the name of the commentary he authored on the Code of Jewish Law (Shulchan Aruch). He was born in Livorna, Italy and at age 20 traveled to Yerushalayim to further his studies. He died in 1698 at the age of 39, and is buried on Har Hazeitim / the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem. (Two centuries later, the illustrious Ohr HaChaim asked to be buried next to him.) Till today, "Pri Chadash" is printed in the standard edition of the Shulchan Aruch - Code of Jewish Law and is widely studied by rabbinic scholars. (Some have the Yahrtzeit as 28 or 29 Kislev 5458 - 1697)

HaRav Tzvi Hersh Rosanes, zt"l, author of Tesha Shitot (5493 / 1733 - 5565 / 1804). He was the son of Rav Yissachar Ber, Av Beit Din and Rav of Podheitz (Podhajce), and grandson of Rav Yaakov Yehoshua, the Pnei Yehoshua.

HaRav Chaim of Tchernovitz (or Chernovitzer), zt"l, (1760-1816), author of Be'er Mayim Chaim. Born near Butchatch, Galicia (now Poland),  he studied under Rav Tzvi Hersh of Botchatch and became a chassid of Rav Yechiel Michel of Zlotchov, Rav Shmelke of  Nikolsburg and the Maggid of Mezritch. He became Rav in Tchernovitz in the Bukovina province of Romania, in 1789, and he remained there for 23 years. In 1812, war broke out, and Bukovina was annexed by Austria. The new government issues harsh anti-semitic decrees, resulting in Rav Chaim's departure, first to Botchan, then to Eretz Yisrael.. He settled in Tzefat, where he lived privately for the last 5 years of his life. He is buried in Tzefat. (according to others 5578 / 1817).

HaRav Yechiel Mechel of Galina, zt"l, (5627 / 1866). Son-in-law of Rebbe Meir of Premishlan.
 
HaRav Shaul Margulis of Lublin, zt"l, (5548 / 1887).
 
HaRav Avraham Yitzchak Kahn, zt"l, the Toldot Aharon Rebbe (1914 - 5757 / 1996). Born to Shaindel Bracha of Tzefat and named for his great-granfather, Rav Yitzchak Avraham Heller of Tzefat.  He and his family were forced to leaver Eretz Yisrael in 1918, moving to Honiad in the Zibenbergen region of Romania. There he learned in the town’s yeshiva, headed by Rav Avraham Freund (father of Rav Moshe Aryeh Freund, later to head the Badatz in Yerushalayim). He eventually moved to the yeshiva of Krulle, headed by Rav Yoel Teitelbaum, and he moved with the yeshiva to Satmar. He became very close to Rav Aharon (Arele) Roth, founder of Shomrei Emunim of Meah Shearim, and later married his daughter. When his mentor was niftar in 1947, Rav Avraham Yitzchak became his successor. He authored Divrei Emunah. Following his petira, two of his sons became Rebbes. The younger son, Rav Duvid Kahn of Monsey, a disciple of the Satmar Rebbe, became the Toldot Aharon Rebbe. The eldest son, Rav Shmuel Yaakov Kahn, a disciple of the Viznitzer Rebbe, became a Rebbe of a group that was entitled Toldot Avraham Yitzchak named after his father, whose main Beit Medrash is also in Meah Shearim, one block away from the Toldot Aharon building. Another son is a Rosh Yeshiva in Kiryat Yoel, New York. Rav Avraham Yitzchak was said to have instructed his followers to learn the works of Rav Aharon HaLevi of Staroselye (Strashelye), which include "Shaarei HaYichud VeHaEmunah," "Shaarei Avoda," and "Avodat HaLevi."
 
HaRav Baruch Yehoshua Yerachmiel Rabinowitz, zt"l, Rebbe of Munkatch and Chief Rabbi of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and Cholon, Israel, (1914 - 5758 / 1997).

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

28 Kislev
28 Kislev - Forth day of Chanuka.

Chanuka from 140 B.C.E. and on
In 140 BCE, the Maccabees defeated the vastly more numerous and powerful armies of the Syrian-Greek king Antiochus IV, who had tried to forcefully uproot the beliefs and practices of Yiddishkeit / Judaism from Klal Yisroel / the people of Israel. The victorious Jews repaired, cleansed and rededicated the Beit HaMikdash in Yerushalayim to the service of Hashem. All the Beit HaMikdash's oil had been defiled by the pagan invaders; and when the Jews sought to light the Beit HaMikdash's Menorah (candelabra), they found only one small cruse of ritually pure olive oil. They lit the Menorah with the one-day supply, which miraculously, burned for eight days, until new, pure oil could be obtained.
Also on this day -- 1,100 years earlier -- Moshe Rabbeinu and the Jewish people completed construction of the Mishkan, the portable sanctuary that accompanied them during 40 years of wandering in the desert. The Mishkan was not dedicated, however, for another three months; Our Sages tell us that the day of 25 Kislev was then "compensated" 12 centuries later -- when the miracle of Chanukah occurred and the Beit HaMikdash was rededicated.
In commemoration, the Sages instituted the 8-day festival of Chanukah, on which lights are kindled nightly by Jews around the world to recall and publicize the miracle of the oil, and its message that continues to illuminate our lives today..

28 Kislev Yahrtzeits

HaRav Avraham Ravigo, zt”l, (1714). Born in Modena, Italy, he became highly esteemed as both a supporter of Torah and as a great Torah scholar himself. He and a party of 25 set sail from Livorno, Italy, for Eretz Yisrael in 1702. When they arrived in Yerushalayim, his wife, daughter, and closest disciple died in a plague. He opened a yeshiva; among the ten Rabbanim who learned there was the son-in-law of Rav Yehudah HaChasid. After the petirah of Rav Moshe ben Chaviv, Rav Avraham was appointed Rishon Letzion. However, he passed away during one of his trips abroad trying to raise funds. His talmid, Rav Mordechai ben Yehudah Leib Ashkenazi, wrote Eshel Avraham on the Zohar and other Kabalistic teachings that he received from Rav Avraham.

HaRav Mordechai Tzhalon of Livorno, zt”l, (5509 / 1748).

HaRav Uziel Meizlish, zt”l, (5546 / 1785).


HaRav Avraham Madjar, zt”l, (1834). Av Beit Din in Yerushalayim author of Divrei Shalom.

HaRav Avraham Dov of Avritz, zt”l, (1840),19th century leader of the Ashkenazi community in Tzefat. Legend says that he was once captured and held for ransom. The captors placed a sword at his throat and threatened to use it if payment was not immediately forthcoming. The Rav asked to make one last request: water to wash his hands so he could recite his final prayers. The captors were so impressed with his faith and courage that they promptly released him. He was the author of Bat Ayin, a commentary on the Chumash.

HaRav Anshel Lichtenstein of Starnard, zt”l, (5645 / 1885).

HaRav Yaakov Tennenbaum, zt”l, Rav of Putnack and author of She’eilot U’tshuvot Naharei Afarsemon, Shemen Afarsemon on the Torah, (5657 / 1896).

HaRav Baruch Dovid Twersky of Klintowitz, zt”l, author of Vayevarech Dovid (5686 / 1925).

HaRav Ezra Hamway, zt”l, Ra’avad of Aram Tzova in Syria (1945).

Rebbetzin Tzivia Walkin o”h, (5760 / 1999), wife of Harav Shmuel Dovid Walkin, zt”l, the son of the Beit Aharon. and mother of HaRav Chaim Walkin, the menahel ruchani of yeshivat Ateret Yisroel, Rebbetzin Walkin was born in Radin. Her father was R' Avrohom Sachrof, the son-in-law of HaRav Moshe Landinski, the rosh yeshiva of Radin, founded by the Chofetz Chaim, zt”l. For more details about her life, see
 http://www.chareidi.org/archives5760/vayechi/awalkin.htm

HaRav Chaim Mordechai Wainkrantz, zt”l, (1920-2004). Born in Popov, Poland, he studied at the Novardok branch in Polutsk, then traveled to Bialystok to learn at the Bait Yosef Yeshiva under Rav Avraham Yoffen. During WW2, he was exiled to Siberia. In 1947, he moved to America, married, and learned in Kollel for another 10 years under Rav Yoffen. He then founded a yeshiva ketana. He was also maggid shiur at Congregation Shomrei Emunah. In his later years, he became Rosh Yeshiva at Bait Yosef.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29 Kislev
29 Kislev - Fifth day of Chanuka.

Chanuka from 140 B.C.E. and on
In 140 BCE, the Maccabees defeated the vastly more numerous and powerful armies of the Syrian-Greek king Antiochus IV, who had tried to forcefully uproot the beliefs and practices of Yiddishkeit / Judaism from Klal Yisroel / the people of Israel. The victorious Jews repaired, cleansed and rededicated the Beit HaMikdash in Yerushalayim to the service of Hashem. All the Beit HaMikdash's oil had been defiled by the pagan invaders; and when the Jews sought to light the Beit HaMikdash's Menorah (candelabra), they found only one small cruse of ritually pure olive oil. They lit the Menorah with the one-day supply, which miraculously, burned for eight days, until new, pure oil could be obtained.
Also on this day -- 1,100 years earlier -- Moshe Rabbeinu and the Jewish people completed construction of the Mishkan, the portable sanctuary that accompanied them during 40 years of wandering in the desert. The Mishkan was not dedicated, however, for another three months; Our Sages tell us that the day of 25 Kislev was then "compensated" 12 centuries later -- when the miracle of Chanukah occurred and the Beit HaMikdash was rededicated.
In commemoration, the Sages instituted the 8-day festival of Chanukah, on which lights are kindled nightly by Jews around the world to recall and publicize the miracle of the oil, and its message that continues to illuminate our lives today.

29 Kislev 1656 - 2104 B.C.E.:

The Flood rains stopped. (According to other - 27 Kislev).

29 Kislev - December 5, 1496:

Manuel I ordered the expulsion of the Jews of Portugal.

29 Kislev - 1503:

Followers of Zechariah of Kiev were burned in Moscow, on charges of Judaizing, Hy"d.

29 Kislev 5561 - December 16, 1800:

Two years after the Baal HaTanya's previous arrest and liberation in 1798, Rab' Schneur Zalman of Liadi (founder of Chabad, 1745-1812), was arrested a second time; again, the charges were that his teachings undermined the imperial authority of the Czar. His second incarceration was less severe than the first, and he was released on this date. Lubavitcher Chassidim mark this day, the "fifte lechtel," as a Yom Tov.
According to other versions of the story, the liberation occurred on the third day of Chanukah. Apparently the liberation happened in two stages.

29 Kislev 5580 - December 17, 1819:

The Turkish deported the Jews from Tel-Aviv to Egypt.

29 Kislev 5675 - December 17, 1914:

In 1914, Jews of Tel Aviv were expelled by the Turkish authorities and sent to Egypt. Just three years later, the Turks would order the remaining 9,000 Jews out of Jaffa, in advance of the British military offensive. The Jews fled north, where they suffered from disease and starvation. They were allowed to return with the British ousting of the Turks in 1917.

29 Kislev Yahrtzeits

HaRav Aharon Shimon Shapiro of Prague, zt"l, (5440 / 1679).

HaRav Chizkiya ben Dovid di Silva, zt"l, (1659- 5459 / 1698), author of the Pri Chadash on the Shulchan Aruch (1659-1698). Born in Livorna, Italy, he traveled to Amsterdam - home a large Sephardi community - in 1689, to raise funds for the publication of his sefer. While there, he was offered two positions, one to stay as Rav of Amsterdam and the other to lead a new yeshiva in Yerushalayim; he chose the latter. In 1693, he established the yeshiva - Bait Yaakov - in Yerushalayim. Three of his most prominent talmidim were Rav Shalomo Elgazi (the future Rav of Egypt), Rav Avraham Yitzchaki, and Rav Yitzchak Hakohen, author of Battei Kehuna. His sefer was unique that it focused primarily on divrei Chazal and Rishonim and was often critical of earlier Acharonim, even the Shulchan Aruch, often taking a more lenient position. As such, the sefer was quite controversial during his life.(Some have the Yahrtzeit as 27 or 29 Kislev 5458 - 1697) .

HaRav Gedalia of Linitz, zt"l, author of Teshuot Chein (1803). Son of Rav Yitzchak, he was a disciple of the Magid of Mezritch. Rebbe Nachman said about Rav Gedalya of Linitz that he was foremost in the bringing of people to repentance in that generation, even though he never gave lectures and only sat and learned all day.

HaRav Tzvi Mordechai of Plavna , zt"l, (5627 / 1866).

HaRav Shlomo HaKohen of Vilna, zt"l,author of Cheshek Shlomo (5666 / 1905).Born in Vilna in 5588 / 1828, his father, Harav Yisrael Meir Hakohen, served as a Dayan on the Vilna Beit Din. Reb Shlomo learned under his older brother, Harav Betzalel, whom he mentions in his sefarim, and later under Harav Yitzchak Shirvaniter. At 16, Reb Shlomo had already finished the entire Shas. Reb Shlomo’s glosses on the Gemara were published in the Vilna Edition Shas under the name Cheshek Shlomo. His halachic responsa were published under the title She’eilot U’teshuvot Binyan Shlomo. Reb Shlomo was a Dayan in Vilna for nearly 40 years. It is related that when thieves once broke into his house, he ran home and checked to see if his copy of Rabbeinu Yerucham was still there. (Rabbeinu Yerucham was an expensive and rare sefer at the time). Upon seeing that it was untouched, he declared, “Baruch Hashem, nothing was stolen.” The Chofetz Chaim said that Reb Shlomo, who was a kohen, was ready for Moshiach’s arrival and was fluent in all halachot pertaining to kohanim and the avodah in the Beit Hamikdash. .

HaRav Yitzchak Shmuel Eliyahu Finkler of Radoshitz (Radoszyce), zt"l, (1902 - 5705 / 1944). Son of Rav Meir Menahem Finkler (1862-1912).

HaRav Baruch Hager of Vishiva, zt"l, (5705 / 1944).

HaRav Yisrael of Husyatin and Rizhin, zt"l,(5710 / 1949). The son of Rav Mordechai Shraga and grandson of the Rizhiner Rebbe, he married Nechama Gitel, a grand-daughter of his uncle, Rav Avraham Yaakov of Sadiger, when he was 14 years old. He was also the uncle of Reb Moshenu of Boyan. In 1937, he moved to Tel Aviv, along with his son-in-law, Rav Yaakov, who would succeed him 12 years later.(Others have the date as 5709 / 1948).

HaRav Shlomo Dovid Kahana of Warsaw and Yerushalayim, zt”l, the Av  Ha’agunot after WWII. (1869 - 5714 / 1953). During the aftermath of the first and second World Wars, he undertook to solve the plight of Agunot. It is said that he obtained some seventy thousand signed affidavits, and he permitted some fifty thousand Agunot to remarry. In 1941, Rav Kahana settled in Eretz Yisrael, where he became Rav of the old city of Yerushalayim. There, he once again dealt with the problems of thousands of Agunot whom he permitted to remarry.

HaRav Zushe Waltner, zt"l,(1918 - 5763 / 2002). Born in Hungary, he traveled through Cracow and Switzerland until he eventually was admitted to England in 1937. There, Rav Waltner developed a very close relationship with Rav Eliahu Dessler. After the war, Rav Waltner and Rav Aryeh Grosnass traveled to Europe to help the shattered remnants of European Jewry, and founded the yeshiva in Sunderland, UK, to accommodate some of them. Traveling to Tangiers, Morocco,  to recruit talmidim for Sunderland, he met R’ Shmuel Toledano who soon built a yeshiva building and then invited Rav Waltner to come and found a yeshiva. At the advice of Rav Dessler who consulted with the Chazon Ish on the matter, Rav Waltner accepted the challenge. There he set up a yeshiva called Eitz Chaim. There are thousands of bnei Torah and religious balabatim today who freely acknowledge that he is responsible for their spiritual life. He also established Otzar Hatorah institutions in Morocco. Among his talmidim from Tangier are Rav Shimon Pinto of Strasbourg and Rav Shlomo Farrache in Bnai Brak.

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30 Kislev
30 Kislev - Sixth day of Chanuka.

Chanuka from 140 B.C.E. and on
In 140 BCE, the Maccabees defeated the vastly more numerous and powerful armies of the Syrian-Greek king Antiochus IV, who had tried to forcefully uproot the beliefs and practices of Yiddishkeit / Judaism from Klal Yisroel / the people of Israel. The victorious Jews repaired, cleansed and rededicated the Beit HaMikdash in Yerushalayim to the service of Hashem. All the Beit HaMikdash's oil had been defiled by the pagan invaders; and when the Jews sought to light the Beit HaMikdash's Menorah (candelabra), they found only one small cruse of ritually pure olive oil. They lit the Menorah with the one-day supply, which miraculously, burned for eight days, until new, pure oil could be obtained.
Also on this day -- 1,100 years earlier -- Moshe Rabbeinu and the Jewish people completed construction of the Mishkan, the portable sanctuary that accompanied them during 40 years of wandering in the desert. The Mishkan was not dedicated, however, for another three months; Our Sages tell us that the day of 25 Kislev was then "compensated" 12 centuries later -- when the miracle of Chanukah occurred and the Beit HaMikdash was rededicated.
In commemoration, the Sages instituted the 8-day festival of Chanukah, on which lights are kindled nightly by Jews around the world to recall and publicize the miracle of the oil, and its message that continues to illuminate our lives today.

30 Kislev 5109 - 1348:

When the Black Death raged, Jews of Augsburg, (south-central) Germany were killed al Kiddush Hashem, Hy"d. For many more years Jews were severely persecuted in Augsburg.

30 Kislev 5731 - December 28, 1970

Nine Soviet Jews were convicted in Leningrad of hijacking a civilian airplane six months earlier. The hijackers were a group of Soviet refuseniks (one was a former military pilot) who tried to escape to the West, in order to avoid harsh Soviet discrimination against Jews. Even though the attempt was unsuccessful, and was followed immediately by crackdown on Jewish and dissident movement throughout the USSR, it drew international attention to human rights violations in the USSR and resulted in a temporary loosening of emigration restrictions. The accused were charged with high treason, punishable by the death sentence. Included in this group was Yosef Mendelevitch, who in 1981 was released and joined his family in Israel, where he became an inspiring figure in the movement for traditional Jewish values.

30 Kislev Yahrtzeits

HaRav Zeligman Gantz, zt”l, (5373 / 1612).   Rav Gantz served as a Dayan in Prague at the time that the Maharal was Rav of Prague. He was a gaon, fluent in all parts of Torah. He was a brother of the Tzemach Dovid who is well known for his sefer Tzemach Dovid on Toldot Am Yisrael.

HaRav Dov Oppenheim, zt”l, (5620 / 1859), Rav of Dresnitz.

HaRav Tzvi Yehuda (Hashi) Friedman, z"l, (1925 - 2005). Born in Pressburg, Hungary, Reb Hashi was a descendant of the Chasam Sofer, whose youngest daughter, Rechel, married Reb Tzvi Yehuda Friedman from Topolcany. Their youngest son, Yeshaya, married Yehudit Link and had a son, Moshe, who married Malka Hochhauser. Reb Moshe had three sons, Nissan, Hashi, and Pinchas. Among Hashi's teachers were Rav Akiva Sofer (the Daat Sofer), Rav Avraham Shmuel Binyamin Sofer (the Cheishev Sofer), and Rav Michoel Ber Weissmandel. In 1944, he was sent to Aushwitz and marched the Death March to Gleiwitz and was transported to Buchenwald. Although his entire family was murdered, he lived another 60 years. He emigrated to Montreal in 1951 and moved to Toronto in 1970. His life was filled with Torah and hachnasat orchim.

 

RETURN TO TOP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 Kislev

There is no 31 Kislev - Why are you here?

RETURN TO TOP



Return to TimeCapsule page
  top of page
 

home |  about us |  parsha on parade  |  jewish holidays |  learning is fun |  hear the music |  gift shop |  guestbook |  links 

 
 site map

"TORAHTOTS"
is a trademark of/and
© 1996-2013
by TorahTots.com
All rights reserved.
Email.....info@torahtots.com


Designed by R.A. Stone Design Associate
and
HI-TECH Computers, Inc.
(718) 253-9698
Email.....info@hitechcomputers.com
Page last updated - 12
/04/2013

Site Meter

Google ads partially offset the costs of this site.
Email us ASAP with the URL of any inappropriate ads, and we will request that they be  removed.